Coronavirus (COVID-19) impact on business aviation
IMPORTANT: The impact of the global COVID-19 epidemic on business aviation is fluid and evolving by the minute. While we do our best to keep this article current by adding additional information once it is received and confirmed, always check with your Universal Trip Support Team and local authorities for the most current information.
COVID-19 Restriction Trends
August 7, 2020
GENERAL STATUS UPDATES:
A majority of the restrictions set to expire Aug 1 just extended to Sept 1 – no big surprise there.
In Europe, all the same access points are still available for U.S. operators – with Croatia, France, Ireland, Italy (with an invitation letter from a local business), Turkey and UK being the most popular.
Croatia continues to have the parking issues due to high demand. Traffic from the U.S. into France (via UK) also continues to increase.
Turkey and the UK remain popular and convenient jump points to a next destination with 48-hour test validity requirements. Universal Aviation has rapid PCR testing providers set up at both Universal Aviation and Universal Aviation Turkey.
This week, a number of African countries reopened.
TRENDS: More PCR testing requirements are being implemented both before arrival and/or upon arrival. There is also a growing trend of more countries requiring health screening and locator forms.
INSIGHTS: For all PCR testing, advise passengers and crew to have Passport Number, Driver’s License #/local ID #, and Full Name included on the test results. An increasing number of countries are requiring this. It is a general best practice to avoid potential issues. Testing providers should be able to accommodate this with no issues. Also, note that the validity window that countries issue is usually based on swab date/time, not results date/time.
July 31, 2020
A good number of countries have restrictions set to expire August 1. As a result, updates have been steadily coming in over the past couple days. So far, we’re mostly seeing extensions along with revisions in entry requirements—especially with new requirements for PCR testing and locator forms for entry.
BIGGEST CHANGE: Brazil is now WIDE OPEN. If you have a need to operate there, we have offices all over Brazil to help, and they are following our COVID-19 health and safety standards that we’ve implemented across all Universal Aviation FBO Ground Services locations.
TRENDS: We continue to see growing demand for travel into the Mediterranean region. In addition, we’re finding that Italy really isn’t that hard to get into if you have a documented business purpose (e.g., models have been allowed entry with just a letter from a local company), and a quarantine isn’t required.
Latvia and Portugal can also now be accessed. More details on all of these are in the Europe section below.
July 24, 2020
Overall, there really haven’t been many major changes this week versus last. Mid-month and end of month is typically when we see the most movement, so next week you can expect more updates (likely the weekend of August 1).
The same access points for Europe are still available for U.S. travelers—including Turkey, the UK, France (via UK), Croatia and others listed below.
If you are struggling to meet the 48-hr. PCR test requirement (e.g., to enter Croatia), we can assist with testing through both Universal Aviation Turkey and our FBO at London-Stansted. At London, we can actually do the test inside the FBO which has been really convenient for travelers. Passengers just need to quarantine for length of stay in the UK before heading to their next destination.
July 17, 2020
In general, we’re seeing a mix of some countries slightly retightening, while others are continuing a phased reopening.
The European Commission dropped 2 countries from its Safe List, but these are just recommendations for countries to follow. France has actually become more accessible to the U.S. and other countries. I’ve included an explanation in the Europe section below.
In addition, some emerging macro trends we’re seeing:
- One Test to rule them all – Many countries are requiring proof of a negative C19 test to enter, but not any test will do. The gold standard is the PCR test. More countries are turning away passengers who are taking the Rapid or antibody tests.
- The 48hr testing hurdle – A lot of EU countries require that the PCR test be taken within 48 hours of arrival. This is challenging for overseas travelers (like from the U.S.) and/or travelers where it takes longer than 24-36 hours to get the results (also like the U.S.). The workaround…we’ve secured a C19 PCR testing provider through our FBO at London-Stansted. Land in the UK, get your test, go on to your next European destination (subject to what the restrictions will allow.)
- Policing of quarantine violations – We’re hearing more reports from customers that authorities are checking on self-declared residences/hotels to make sure visitors are abiding by local quarantining requirements. Similarly, there are a lot of accounts of “social policing” of quarantine violations, like these reports from Ireland. Safest best…respect the local requirements and avoid becoming a headline.
August 7, 2020
- The U.S. remains excluded from the EC’s Safe List. However, many European countries are still accepting U.S. flights and/or passengers under substantiated business conditions.
- There is a CDC clearance that’s done in addition to CBP clearance. It involves a temperature check, a form to complete, and listening to guidance from CDC on quarantine requirements. Process takes about 5-10 min.
- Advise passengers to continue maintaining a 14-day travel history log of the countries and states they visit. This is critical for both travel into the U.S. and travel within it.
- For all PCR testing, advise passengers and crew to have Passport Number, Driver’s License, and Full Name included on the test results. An increasing number of countries are requiring this.
- Restrictions on non-essential travel for USA/Canada/Mexico land borders are in place until Aug. 20, 2020.
- The U.S. is still restricting the same list of countries since Brazil was added on May 24.
- DHS currently has 15 approved airports for funneling.
- Foreign crew are permitted entry into the U.S. but must enter via the funneled airports. We know there have been cases where flights have entered via a non-funneled airport. This is due to some wording issues in CBP’s internal guidance on the official Presidential Proclamation.
- Hawaii, USVI, Puerto Rico, and parts of Mexico (Los Cabos, Cancun, Cozumel, etc.) are all good options for travelers from the U.S., with some restrictions and/or quarantining at a vacation home/rental.
- Hawaii – Pre-arrival testing program set to start September 1 (unless it is further delayed). All travelers arriving in Hawaii are still required to quarantine for 14 days.
- Puerto Rico – Open to foreign tourism. Flights from outside of the islands or United States must still funnel through the 15 U.S. mainland DHS approved airports. Travel declaration for required. Negative COVID test required to avoid quarantine.
- USVI – Requires a negative COVID test within five days of arrival or a positive antibody test within four months for all travelers arriving from state with high numbers of COVID infections. See details online.
- Alaska – A negative COVID-19 PCR test 72 hours before will exempt visitors from quarantine. Details online.
- Florida – Governor DeSantis directed all individuals entering the state of Florida from the New York Tri-State Area (Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York) to isolate or quarantine for a period of 14 days from the time of entry into Florida or the duration of the individual’s presence in Florida, whichever is shorter. This includes persons entering Florida by roadways. Read more online.
- New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut – Require travelers from 30+ states to undergo mandatory quarantine. It doesn’t apply to crew or “any individual passing through designated states for a limited duration (i.e., less than 24 hours) through the course of travel.” The onus to comply is on the individual, and it is not being actively policed as far as we can tell. We have not heard from any operator that the restrictions have caused issues with travel. Read the official travel advisory for New York online.
- Other U.S. states/districts/cities with various forms of quarantine for people entering include: Arizona, D.C., Chicago, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Again, we have not heard of any enforcement of these measures.
- The Visa Waiver Program (VWP) and associated travelers utilizing ESTA are unaffected by the April 23 Presidential Proclamation which suspended processing new immigration applications from aliens for 60 days. New applications for signatory carrier status under VWP are still being processed. All U.S.-based operators (including some international companies with U.S. subsidiaries) and non-U.S. commercial operators are eligible to apply. If you are not a signatory carrier and qualify, we recommend you apply to increase your operating flexibility. We can help.
- The National Interest Waiver (NIW) is another avenue foreign nationals can seek for entry into the U.S. and can be an effective means of entry. Note: Requires U.S. Embassy approval. We can provide consultation.
- See detailed restrictions for the U.S.
- Officials in Canada extended a ban on entry for most nonresident foreign nationals until further notice as part of the measures to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
- Canada is currently included on the EC’s recommended 15-country safe list.
- Restrictions on non-essential travel for USA/Canada/Mexico is in place until Aug. 21, 2020. Read the official announcement. CANPASS / CBSA (CANADA) is by far the most stringent enforcer of this policy in regards to air travel.
- Flights from the U.S. are being allowed on a case-by-case basis. Some are getting through without issue; others are getting denied. Canada is very strict on vetting “essential” vs. “non-essential” travel between the U.S. and Canada. Best practice is to gather all relevant documentation (e.g., travel history, medical declarations, purpose of flight, etc.) and seek approval from CANPASS well in advance. Canada is still restricting entry to 4 ports. Consult with us for any planned mission.
- Prepare for long wait times…It takes 30 min+ to get in touch with someone at CANPASS to explain your purpose of flight before getting permission. When you make your 1st initial call to present the details of the flight, it must be no earlier than 48 hours prior and no later than 2 hours prior to departure. CANPASS will determine if your travel is essential or not and will either approve or deny operations into Canada.
- Note that Canada has very strict quarantine requirements for anyone entering the country. Crew will need to quarantine for length of stay, up to 14 days.
- See detailed restrictions for Canada.
- There is a new no-touch Covid-19 health assessment form, which is required on arrival/departure. Present the QR code the form provides once completed. A 14-day quarantine at residence may be necessary; however, popular tourist zones in the typical vacation cities (e.g., Cancun, Los Cabos, PV, Cozumel) are excluded.
- Restrictions on non-essential travel for USA/Canada/Mexico land borders remain in place until Aug 20, 2020.
- Non-essential flights are being allowed on an airport-by-airport, case-by-case basis. Most of the usual tourist hotspots are allowing leisure flights (such as Cancun, PV, Los Cabos, Cozumel), but you’ll want to research hotel/overnight options.
- Our ground handing teams in Mexico (Mexico City/Toluca, Los Cabos, Cancun, Cozumel, PV, Monterrey, etc.) are available to support your missions.
- See our complete list of restrictions and feasibility insights for Mexico. >
- Most Caribbean islands have re-opened to international passengers with varying degrees of restrictions. Expect frequent changes as they continue to work out their processes.
- Antigua and Barbuda – Open. Requires approval before operating, Proof of a negative COVID test taken within seven days required.
- Aruba – Aruba is accepting flights from the U.S. Stricter requirements are being enforced for travelers from U.S. states with a high incidence of COVID-19 cases. Travelers from these states have to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test prior to traveling to Aruba via the digital Embarkation-Disembarkation Card (ED card); they will not be able to use testing facilities at the airport upon arrival. These states are: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
- Bahamas – All islands of the Bahamas, with exception of Grand Bahamas, are open to private international flights, charters, pleasure craft and yachts from all countries including the United States. Travelers arriving via private aircraft do not have to quarantine if they submit an online health form and have a negative COVID-19 test less than 7 days old. There will be temperature screening upon arrival. Note that many hotels and restaurants remain closed. Note: The country is officially on lockdown from Aug. 4-20, so travel within Bahamas and local services are highly limited.
- Barbados – Open to international passengers. Requires negative test taken within 72 hours prior to departure.
- Bermuda – As of Aug. 4, officials require all individuals entering Bermuda to seek government authorization by filling a form not less than 48 hours prior to scheduled arrival in the country.
- Cayman Islands – Pax from the U.S., Canada, Mexico, certain European and Latin American countries are allowed with prior permission. There is a new “TravelTime” Form to complete.
- Cuba – Certain parts of country opened July 1 for tourism. U.S. sanctions still apply.
- Dominica – Open. Negative PCR test within 24-72 hours of arrival required. Upon arrival, pax will undergo a health screen and a rapid COVID test. If negative, no quarantine required.
- Dominican Republic – Open to international passengers. All crew and passengers arriving to the country need to present a PCR test not older than 5 days prior to their flight. Universal Aviation DR is open and supporting missions.
- Grenada – From August 1, foreign travelers (except U.S. and Brazil nationals) will be allowed to enter the country.
- Guadeloupe – All flights coming from a foreign country must be approved by a government official.
- Haiti – Open.
- Jamaica – Open. All foreign crew and passengers must obtain travel authorization prior to arrival and provide a COVID-19 PCR test no older than 10 days prior to entry. You will be required to take a COVID-19 test on arrival and remain quarantined until the results are available in 24-48 hours.
- Martinique – U.S. and Canadian flights are not allowed, nor are flights from other Caribbean locations with the exceptions of Guadeloupe/TFFR. Only flights from Europe are allowed. Passengers must have a proof of a negative COVID-19 test to enter and will have to respect 7 days quarantine at home. If they have no test, they will have a 14 day quarantine.
- St. Barts – Open. Must provide a negative COVID-19 test taken within three days of your departure.
- St. Lucia – Open, with 14-day quarantine. Requires a negative COVID-19 test in the last 7 days. Pax arriving from low-risk countries are exempt from pre-testing requirements.
- St. Maarten – Open to pax from Canada, Europe and the U.S. Requires negative COVID test taken within 72 hours. Pax can move freely if test is negative. Passengers can now enter/exit via TNCM.
- St. Vincent & Grenadines – Open to most countries, including the U.S. for leisure flights. 14-day quarantine is required.
- Trinidad and Tobago – Allowing passengers from some Latin American countries. A 14-day quarantine is required.
- Turks and Caicos – Open. Negative test 5 days prior to arrival and proof of travel insurance required
- See all restrictions for this region.
- Our FBOs and ground handling offices in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Venezuela are still operational and supporting missions.
- Brazil – Non-Brazil citizens can now enter the country via air transportation. Health insurance required.
- Costa Rica – Starting August 01, MROC and MRLB airports will allow operations and passengers coming from the UK, European Union, and Canada. Health form, negative COVID test within 48 hours, and travel insurance required.
- Ecuador – Has partially opened its borders and citizens of the United States and certain countries in Latin America and Asia Pacific region may enter with an official permit.
- Nicaragua – Open, but pax and crew must provide proof of negative COVID tests 72 hours before arrival. Bring hard copies. All arrivals must undergo 15-day quarantine.
- See our complete list of country-by-country restrictions and feasibility insights for Central and South America. >
- Our FBOs and ground handling offices in Ireland, UK, France, Greece, Italy, Spain and Turkey are all open and supporting missions.
- At this stage, Europe is pretty much open to Europe.
- Most EU countries are allowing business travel (e.g., your principal is considering investing in a local business), even for nationals not on the EC safe list. If you can state your case, there may be a way in.
- The current EC safe list for reopening Europe to third countries has been reduced to 13 countries (with China being subject to reciprocity). Serbia and Montenegro have been removed.
- Keep in mind these are just recommendations, and each EU member state has considerable autonomy to manage its own travel restrictions as it chooses.
- There are still a number of European countries allowing citizens from countries not on the EC’s list – See below.
- The EC will announce its updated “safe list” on July 15.
- European countries that are accessible to passengers from the U.S. and other countries not on the EC’s list include:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Croatia – Allowing entry based on economic interest or tourism. Our Universal Aviation offices in Italy are helping coordinate arrangements to enter Croatia for customers. COVID PCR test required for crew and pax 48 hours prior to ETA, or you will be quarantined for 14 days.
- Denmark – U.S. citizen can get in with an invitation letter from a Danish company. Note this is a Schengen country.
- France – France’s NOTAM is departure-based and not nationality-based. This significantly opens up access to third-country nationals (including U.S. citizens). As long as the aircraft first clears in another Schengen country or the UK before proceeding to France, third country nationals can enter France. We’ve been successful with a number of flights – coordinating between our Universal Aviation FBO in Stansted and Universal Aviation FBO in Paris to make these flights happen. A public Health Passenger Locator Form and Int’l Travel Certificate is required. PCR testing also applies. Contact us for complete details.
- Ireland – Our Universal Aviation offices in Dublin and Shannon can assist.
- Italy – Third-country nationals (including U.S. citizens) can enter for business purposes with prior approval, and Universal Aviation Italy reports that Italian authorities have been approving many requests. Max ground time is 120 hours, and quarantine IS NOT required if the flight is approved. You’ll need a letter from a local business stating your business purposes to enter. If you have offices or business interests in Italy, you have a good chance of getting in. We’re seeing all kinds of business reasons being approved, ranging from meetings to modeling. We can help you navigate this process.
- Latvia – Open with a 2-week quarantine or for length of stay up to 2 weeks. This is an EU Schengen country, but we aren’t recommending this as a primary access point into the rest of Europe since we don’t have offices here to help you navigate the regulatory process.
- Moldova – Allowed for essential business with diplomatic approval.
- Montenegro – Currently excluded from the EU “Safe List”.
- Poland – Will accept intra-Schengen flights. If U.S. passengers can clear in another Schengen country (e.g., Denmark), they can get in.
- Portugal – Accessible to third-country nationals (including U.S. citizens) coming from another Schengen country (except for Serbia) and holding appropriate visas (not required for U.S.). There are some nuances in making this work, and we can help you navigate through it.
- Serbia – Currently excluded from the EU “Safe List”.
- Turkey – One of the few countries open on the Mediterranean to Private/Business flights (including leisure) regardless the country of registration and/or nationality of passenger. No quarantine as long as passengers are symptom-free. Our Universal Aviation office in Turkey can provide assistance. We also now have a preferred fast PCR testing provider at Istanbul, Dalaman and Antalya for about $20 USD per test if you need to route to another country.
- Ukraine – Open. Passengers have a 14-day self-isolation requirement; no restrictions for crew. Aircraft disinfection required.
- UK – See section below for more details.
- Rest of Europe – Most EU countries are allowing essential business travel (for instance, your principal is considering investing in a European business), so if you can state your case, there may be a way in.
- Note that most of these require either quarantine or proof of a negative COVID-19 test to enter.
- UK –
- Quarantine – The UK has eliminated quarantine requirements for pax entering from 50+ countries. U.S. is not on the exemption list. IMPORTANT: The quarantine period only applies for the duration of stay in the UK with the max being 14 days. All arriving passengers will need to abide by the regulations (i.e., not leave their accommodation unless for exempted purposes which include medical assistance, to purchase food if no other options available, and to depart the UK.) For crew, positioning/deadhead crew can continue to turn around and leave the next day; however, they must quarantine in their hotel for the duration of their stay. Engineers/loadmasters are not recognized as crew, and they must quarantine themselves for the duration of their stay (up to 14 days). More details are online.
- Our Universal Aviation FBO in London-Stansted can provide PCR testing inside the FBO for passengers heading to another destination, like Croatia. Passengers only need to quarantine for length of stay.
- See published COVID-19 guidance on safer travel and working principles for airports and aviation operators.
- Reopen Europe is good resource to reference for country entry requirements.
- See our complete list of country-by-country restrictions and feasibility insights for the European region. >
Middle East & Africa
- Bahrain – There are no restrictions for private jets or pax arriving into OBBI if you can get a landing permit through diplomatic channels.
- Central African Republic – Open with stringent health requirements.
- Egypt – All airports are open. Tourism is limited to resorts in Matrouh, Red Sea, and South Sinai coastal governorates.
- Ethiopia – Open, with a 14 day quarantine. Transiting crew are exempt and just need to quarantine for length of stay (1 night). Chemical disinfection of the aircraft is also required.
- Israel – Restrictions have been extended to September 1. Our ground handling office in Tel Aviv is still open and supporting missions as allowed by the restrictions.
- Lebanon – Private flights have resumed. Testing may be required depending on arrival depending on departure country. Check with us for details.
- Liberia – Open. Passengers without proof of a negative COVID test will be tested on arrival.
- Mauritania – Private flights were scheduled to resume today. We are awaiting confirmation.
- Niger – Open as of Aug 1. Negative COVID-19 test to be taken up to 72hrs before arrival.
- Pakistan – Open to passengers from all countries except Israel.
- Rwanda – Charter tourism flights allowed.
- Sao Tome & Principe – Open to domestic and international travel. Pax and crew must present proof of a negative COVID 19 test result, taken no more than 72 hrs prior to flight.
- Senegal – Open. Passengers must complete a tracking form online and present it on arrival. Proof of a negative test COVID-19 within last 7 days must be presented on arrival.
- Sierra Leone – Open. Pax and crew must present a negative COVID 19 test result taken no more than 72 hrs prior to flight.
- Seychelles – The phased reopening continues. Starting Aug. 1, commercial tourism will resume. Visitors arriving via private aircraft must send an application for entry to Public Health Authority in advance. All visitors must have a proof of accommodation at an authorized resort, yacht, or residential facilities. Proof a negative COVID-19 test in advance is required. Only travelers from low and medium-risk countries will allowed to enter, as determined by the Ministry of Tourism.
- South Sudan – Open.
- Tanzania – Open. Pax will undergo advanced screening on arrival, but no quarantine required. Chemical disinfection of the aircraft required.
- Togo – Open. 14-day mandatory quarantine. COVID-19 test required upon arrival and departure (72hrs prior). Must install TOGO SAFE app upon arrival.
- Tunisia – Open. Allowed countries are split in zones. Quarantine required 0-14 days depending on zone. Negative COVID-19 PCR test required for orange and red zone countries.
- United Arab Emirates – Allowing pax who don’t require visas, including the U.S., to enter. Must apply for landing permit. Negative COVID test, 14-day quarantine and proof of health insurance required.
- Zambia – Open. 14-day quarantine upon arrival.
- See our complete list of country-by-country restrictions and feasibility insights for the Africa and Middle East regions. >
- Our FBOs and ground handling offices in China, Japan, Maldives, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand all remain open and are supporting missions.
- American Samoa – Open. Quarantine on arrival required. All flights required to present negative PCR tests on arrival.
- Australia – Reducing international arrivals by half from July 10, following a surge in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Victoria.
- Bangladesh – Bangladesh resumed limited international flight services June 16 to/from Qatar and the UK.
- Cambodia – Allowing foreign nationals to enter in certain instances. It requires a visa through an embassy or government avenue. It also requires medical insurance of $50,000USD and a medical certificate within 72 hours prior to departure. COVID test required on arrival.
- China – The country is still only open to cargo/humanitarian and repatriation flights.
- French Polynesia – Open, including to U.S. citizens. Negative COVID test within 72 hours of departure required. Re-testing four days after arrival required.
- Guam – Entry ban for anyone who travelled to Mainland China within the previous 14 days. Quarantine for up to 14 days required depending on the location you are traveling from.
- India – Most international passenger travel remains effectively banned through at least July 31. Note recent changes to its visa process (visas have to be refreshed). Read the full details.
- Japan – Still quite strict with 100+ countries on their “NO” list.
- S. Korea – Pax from all countries can enter South Korea with a VISA. Nationals from the USA, UK, Ireland and Mexico do not require a VISA. Pax will have to arrive via Seoul (RKSI) and will be tested for COVID-19. 14-day quarantine required for all arrivals regardless of test results. Visas from Pakistan and Bangladesh halted.
- Maldives – Open. Universal Aviation Maldives is ready to assist.
- Macau – All foreign visitors and the residents of Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan who have been to other countries in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Macau. Visitors who have been to Hong Kong, Taiwan will undergo medical observation in accordance with requirements of the health authority for 14 days.
- Philippines – Foreign nationals with a valid visa will be allowed starting Aug 1.
- Singapore – has implemented additional precautionary measures to further protect Singaporeans and reduce the risk of community transmission from imported cases of COVID-19. All eligible travelers (residents and visitors) must submit this electronic Health Declaration Card before entering Singapore.
- Sri Lanka – Business and tourism flights will start from August 1. Negative COVID test required pre-arrival.
- Taiwan – The ban on foreign national remains in place, with exceptions for residents, diplomats and business travelers. Swab test required if you show symptoms. Certain nationalities must quarantine 14 days.
- Thailand – Thailand remains closed unless you have demonstrative family, business, or political reasons to enter.
- Vietnam – Flights to Vietnam are not allowed to carry passengers, except that those who enter for diplomatic or official duty, foreigners who attend important foreign affair events, experts, business managers, highly-skilled workers and special cases with prior approval.
- See our complete list of country-by-country restrictions and feasibility insights for the Asia-Pacific region. >
Visit your country’s local health department. Other resources to check include:
- ASEAN is keeping a country by country update: https://www.aseanbriefing.com/news/2020/02/06/coronavirus-asia-asean-live-updates-by-country.html
- World Health Organization: https://www.who.int/
- Centers for Disease Control: https://www.cdc.gov/
- Federal Aviation Administration: https://www.faa.gov/
- EuroControl: https://www.eurocontrol.int/
- EuroControl NOTAMs: https://www.universalweather.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/COVID8a.pdf
- EuroControl Factsheet: https://www.universalweather.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Factsheet7.pdf
- UK Department of Health: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-of-health
- Public Health Europe: https://ec.europa.eu/health/
- Pan American Health Organization: https://www.paho.org/hq/
- WHO Africa: https://www.afro.who.int/
- WHO Southeast Asia: https://www.who.int/southeastasia
- WHO Europe: http://www.euro.who.int/
- WHO Eastern Mediterranean: http://www.emro.who.int/
- WHO Western Pacific: https://www.who.int/westernpacific
- U.S. State Department: https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories/china-travel-advisory.html
- EASA Safety Bulletin: https://ad.easa.europa.eu/ad/2020-02
- EBAA advice: https://www.ebaa.org/news/statement-updated-advice-for-operators-on-the-coronavirus-2019-ncovoutbreak/
- ICAO COVID-19 resources: https://www.icao.int/Security/COVID-19/Pages/default.aspx
- Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU): https://www.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6
- NBAA Aircraft Disinfection resources: https://nbaa.org/aircraft-operations/safety/coronavirus/aircraft-disinfection-coronavirus/
- IATA Americas Guidance on Repatriation Flights
- IATA Quick Reference for Ground Handling during COVID-19
- IATA Dangerous Good Guidance (including alcohol hand sanitizers)
- European Commission Cargo Guidelines during COVID-19