Europe: COVID Travel Restrictions

PT 7 M minute read

Europe COVID 19 Flight Restrictions

Jan. 13, 2022

Summary info only. Detailed intelligence available – Pre-arrival testing requirements, health forms, quarantine details, local curfews, and scenario-specific info have been omitted from this overview. Ask your Universal Trip Support team for a Feasibility Guide to get detailed intelligence for your destination of interest.

Travelers from outbreak & variant virus hotspots – Many countries are restricting entry for travelers who have visited an outbreak and/or variant virus hotspot, including Brazil, India, and South Africa. Travelers from neighboring countries may also be restricted.

⚠️Omicron Update: We are not annotating every country that is banning travelers who have visited any of the eight African hotspot countries. We are annotating countries that are banning travel from countries outside of Africa that have reported Omicron infections or that have closed their borders completely. We are not including COVID pre-arrival testing requirements for most countries since it is a common requirement. Check with us for specifics.

  • Our FBOs and ground handling offices in IrelandUKFranceGreeceItalySpain and Turkey are all open and supporting missions.
  • Reopen Europe has improved its online tool for helping you assess entry requirements into the EU based on your trip scenario.
  • European countries that are accessible to passengers from the U.S. and other countries not on the EC’s list include:
    • Albania – Open. Health screening upon arrival. Travelers will require one of the following: proof of vaccination, recovery, or negative COVID test result.
    • Austria – Open. Immunized U.S. travelers can enter for leisure. Some nonessential travel is prohibited. See entry details online.
    • Belarus – Accessible. Travelers from this list of countries will likely have to self-quarantine. Immunized travelers are exempt from testing and isolation.
    • Belgium – Non-essential travel from U.S. is permitted. Test on arrival and isolation until results are known required. See details online.
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina – U.S. citizens are allowed entry with a negative COVID test, proof of vaccination, or proof of recovery.
    • Bulgaria – The U.S. is on the Red List. Any traveler coming from the U.S. direct to Bulgaria must have a valid EU digital COVID certificate for vaccination or recovery AND approval from the Ministry of Health.
    • Croatia – Open for tourism with negative test, vaccine, or proof of recovery. Travelers from Cyprus, Russia, and the UK must have pre-arrival negative Covid-19 test, regardless of vaccine status. Our Universal Aviation offices in Italy are helping coordinate arrangements to enter Croatia for customers.
    • Cyprus – Open. U.S. citizens can enter for business and tourism. As of Jan 4, new procedures are in place requiring a PCR on arrival, regardless of vaccination status, and a rapid antigen test 72 hours from arrival unless travelers have the booster.
    • Czech Republic – U.S. was added to the “Dark Red” category. With that, U.S. vaccinated persons can still enter without restriction, but non-vaccinated travelers can only enter for limited essential reasons and will have COVID testing requirements with a 10-day quarantine.
    • Denmark – Fully-vaccinated travelers from the U.S., other non-high risk countries, and OECD category countries can enter without testing or quarantine. See detailed entry requirements. (Note: Captcha required to access site.)
    • Estonia – Fully-vaccinated travelers can enter. Testing and quarantine not required with vaccination.
    • Finland – As part of its phased reopening, vaccinated travelers from all countries (including the United States) are now permitted to enter Finland.
    • France – Open for tourism to fully vaccinated travelers. Countries on the Red list, like the U.S., are subject to possible testing on arrival.
      • France offers its own digital health pass for vaccinated non-EU citizens/residents. However, it can be slow process to obtain this. Most establishments will still accept a vaccine card in lieu of this. Read details here.
      • France requires that passengers on domestic legs provide proof of vaccination, recovery, or a negative PCR test. In addition, crew are required to provide this. This does not change active crew health entry requirements for international ops into France; just domestic legs in country.
    • Germany – U.S. travelers are allowed for tourism with either a negative test, proof of vaccination, or recent (6 month) proof of recovery. Quarantine can be bypassed with proof of vaccination or proof of recovery.
    • Greece – Open to U.S. travelers that are vaccinated OR those who have a negative PCR test result taken 72 hours before arrival. All arrivals subject to random rapid tests upon arrival. PLF form needs to be filled out at least 24 hours prior to arrival. Travel back and forth from the mainland to islands or vice versa requires PCR test or proof of vaccination. Indoor dining requires proof of vaccine or negative COVID test. Our FBO ground support offices in Greece are ready to support you.
    • Greenland – Open with prior permission. Proof of vaccination required for entry.
    • Hungary – Travelers should be fully vaccinated to avoid quarantine, and additional testing is required after arrival.
    • Iceland – Open to travelers with proof of vaccination or recovery. Vaccinated travelers exempt from quarantine. Full details online.
    • Ireland – Our Universal Aviation offices in Dublin and Shannon can assist.
      • Fully-vaccinated and/or recently recovered travelers from the EU, U.S., and other low risk countries are allowed to enter without testing upon arrival or quarantine without the pre-arrival testing requirement as of Jan 6, 2022. Omicron-specific testing requirements have been removed.
      • Related to above, Ireland is participating in the EU’s Digital Green Pass Program, allowing pass holders with proof of vaccination, recovery, or recent test result.
      • There are exemptions to the above restrictions for tech stops.
      • This pre-departure testing provider is available at EIDW for travelers headed to the U.S.
      • U.S. CBP Preclearance is open at Shannon/EINN for GA. Read our blog for details and ops procedures.
      • Shannon has an onsite COVID testing program providing quick turnaround. Appointments are required and can be booked online at
    • Italy – Open to U.S. and Canadian citizens for tourism. Open to vaccinated travelers from the UK. Must have the following: 1) proof of vaccination or recovery, AND 2) proof of negative COVID test. Universal Aviation Italy is ready to support your missions.
    • Kosovo – Open. All travelers 12 and up need proof of vaccination.
    • Latvia – Open for leisure. Passengers who have been in the EU, EEA, Switzerland, UK, or U.S. for the past 14 days and have proof of vaccine approved by European Medicines Agency or WHO are exempt from pre-arrival Covid-19 testing and self-isolation.
    • Luxembourg – Open to fully vaccinated individuals.
    • Macedonia – Open. All persons arriving in North Macedonia will need to present either a negative result from a COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours before entry, proof of full vaccination, or proof of having recovered from COVID-19 within the previous 45 days.
    • Malta – Immunized travelers from the USA, which is on the Red list, will be allowed entry.
    • Moldova – International travelers are required to present proof of vaccination, recovery, or negative COVID test result to enter.
    • Montenegro – Open to U.S. citizens. Travelers must present vaccination certificate or negative Covid test. Aircraft disinfection required.
    • Netherlands – All fully-vaccinated travelers arriving from areas designated very high risk without a COVID-19 variant of concern are exempt from mandatory quarantine, including travelers from the United States. See website for details and consult with us prior to operation.
    • Norway – Open to U.S. citizens, HOWEVER, they must have a valid EU digital vaccine certificate to avoid quarantine, which is not readily available for most U.S. travelers. As such, persons without the valid digital certificate will need to quarantine upon arrival.
    • Poland – Allowed travelers, including U.S. citizens, with an EU-approved vaccine OR proof of recovery are exempt from quarantine. The updated flight ban list can be found online.
    • Portugal – Officially open to tourism, including U.S./Canadian travelers. Proof of vaccination required. In response to Omicron, pre-arrival test now required. Note: Portugal has implemented a new carbon tax for charter ops.
    • Romania – Open. No quarantine for passengers who can provide proof of vaccination or recent recovery.
    • Russia – Allowing international travelers from a number of countries, including the U.S. and Mexico, for nonessential travel. Canadians and Latin American countries are still prohibited.
    • Serbia – U.S. citizens can enter for business or tourism. No quarantine required. Aircraft disinfection required.
    • Slovak Republic – Immunized business travelers with acceptable reason for business can be exempted from quarantine. Travelers from the EU and Schengen region are not required to test or quarantine with proof of vaccine. Travelers from Red countries (including USA) can end their quarantine with a negative PCR test on the fifth day of quarantine.
    • Slovenia – International arrivals must provide proof of vaccination, recovery, or negative COVID test to enter without quarantine. See website for details.
    • Spain – Open to fully-vaccinated U.S. travelers. Universal Aviation Spain can assist.
    • Sweden – As of Nov. 5, vaccinated U.S. residents can travel direct. More details here.
    • Switzerland – Open to U.S. and Canadian travelers. Proof of vaccination or recovery required. COVID pre-arrival testing reinstated in response to Omicron. Post-arrival testing required. Quarantine only required for visitors if they have been to any of these countries (note that U.S. is NOT on this list) at any time within the last 14 days before entering Switzerland.
    • Turkey – Non-vaccinated travelers from high-risk countries (none of which are EU, UK, U.S., or Canada) must quarantine. Other than travelers from high-risk countries, Turkey remains open on the Mediterranean to Private/Business flights (including leisure) regardless the country of registration and/or nationality of passenger. Our Universal Aviation office in Turkey can provide assistance.
    • Ukraine – Open to unvaccinated travelers. No quarantine required. Medical insurance and tracer app required. Aircraft disinfection required. Read more online.
    • UK – Accessible. See section below for more details.
  • UK –
    • UK entry requirements –
      • COVID Testing Policy – Effective Jan. 7 – Pre-arrival testing is not required for fully-vaccinated travelers. Read details online. All passengers must take a PCR test (not lateral flow) on or before day 2 of arrival into the UK and self-isolate until the results are known. Our Universal Aviation FBOs at London-Stansted and London-Northolt can arrange for your PCR testing to be done on arrival, with results back to you in just 6 hours…so very minimal self-isolation time.
      • COVID Testing Policy – Effective Jan. 9 – For fully-vaccinated travelers, a PCR test OR lateral flow test can be used for the post-arrival testing mentioned above. Read details online.
    • RAF Northolt Airport in London has extended its M-F operating hours by three hours to 0800-2000L. This is a big deal because as the closest GA-accessible to central London, as well as the closest airport to Heathrow, these longer hours make it a much better option for international operators. Universal Aviation Northolt worked hard to make this happen.
    • Don’t miss your UK-APD payments – Passenger flights out of the UK are subject to Air Passenger Duty (UK-APD) payments, and many operators forget to pay these within the 7-day deadline. Since we have a local office, we can monitor and manage any payments owed on your behalf. Just send a request to our Global Regulatory Team to get started. It’s a fast and easy setup process.
    • A new emissions reporting scheme now applies as a result of Brexit – UK-ETS. If you need help with your UK-ETS monitoring and reporting, we can make this easy for you. Contact our Global Regulatory team directly.
  • Ask your Universal Trip Support team for a Feasibility Guide to get detailed intelligence for your destination of interest.

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