Lead times differ for Russia landing permits based on the number of seats on the aircraft and the number of flights in the country.
Landing permit – A landing permit is required for all operators traveling to Russia. Depending on the number of seats onboard the aircraft, number of persons onboard, and the number of flights in the country within a month, the lead time will change:
- One (1) business day: 1-4 flights in a month and fewer than 19 passenger seats
- Three (3) business days: if the aircraft has more than 19 passenger seats or there are more than 10 persons on the flight
- Fourteen (14) business days: aircraft with more than 4 flights in a month
Though the lead times above are shorter compared to other countries, it’s recommended that the permit requests be submitted with additional lead time due to the estimated increase of traffic to the country for this event.
The following documents are required for landing permits:
- Aircraft registration certificate
- Airworthiness certificate
- Air Operator’s Certificate (for charter aircraft only)
- Worldwide insurance with third-party liability
- Crewmember pilot certificates (note that this requirement is mentioned in the Aeronautical Information Publication [AIP] but at this time it’s not a required document to furnish)
- Aircraft Noise Certificate or any other document that clearly indicates the aircraft maximum takeoff weight (MTOW)
All documents above need to be in English, legible, and valid. Note that the pilot certificates don’t need to be issued from the same country the aircraft is registered in (if CAA Russia requests this document). Regarding airworthiness, the aircraft maintenance log will also need to be submitted if it’s over 10 years old and doesn’t have an expiration date.
Additional information needed for the landing permit:
- Crew information
- Passenger information
- Purpose of flight
- Entry/exit points (flight information regions [FIRs])
- Route and schedule
- Cargo details if any
Permit validity and revisions
Once approved, permits are valid from 0001 UTC from the estimated time of arrival (ETA) and remain valid for an additional 48 hours from the estimated time of departure (ETD) in UTC.
Once the permit is valid, you may operate on the basis of the filed flight plan without the need for a permit revision. Below you will find a list of changes that don’t require a revision:
- Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)/ETD changes
- Changes to the digital part of the flight number
- Adding an additional tech stop within Russia at an international AOE
- Use of a different “reserved” aircraft indicated in your permit application
Additionally, for aircraft that have fewer than 19 passenger seats, no permit revision is needed while the permit is valid for the following changes:
- Change to entry/exit points into/from the Russian flight information region (FIR)
- Change to the aerodrome of departure/landing outside the territory of Russia
Russian authorities are very stringent with cabotage regulations. Foreign carriers are not permitted to transport commercial load (cargo), obtained in Russian territory, within Russian territory. Additionally, it’s illegal to pick up passengers in Russia who are to be transported to another point within the country. If passengers are picked up in Russia, they need to remain onboard and disembark after the aircraft departs the country.