Business Aviation ADS-B Mandates – Where Are We Now?
As Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) requirements continue to tighten worldwide, it’s important to stay informed of new and/or changing requirements. We previously covered the latest regulations in our article, "Business Aviation ADS-B Updates – Changes Over the Last Few Months," and, with rule changes over the last six months, it’s time for an update. These days, for example, if a business aircraft operator wishes to use certain airways in Hong Kong, Indonesia, Vietnam, or Singapore airspace – at or above flight level (FL) 290 – it’s necessary to be ADS-B-equipped and -qualified.
The following is an overview of those areas that have mandates for ADS-B:
1. No changes with Australia’s requirements
There haven’t been any amendments to Australian requirements since our last post. ADS-B is mandated at and above FL290 across the entire landmass and various bodies of water within Australia’s airspace. There is still an exemption available, but this applies only to an area in eastern Australia known as the "J-Curve." This exemption, however, is currently scheduled to expire on December 11, 2015.
For those not yet equipped, keep in mind that beginning February 2, 2017, all Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flights – at all flight levels – must be ADS-B-equipped.
2. China is testing ADS-B on certain airways
China still has no formal ADS-B mandates in place or any future mandates planned. Authorities, however, continue to publish a NOTAM for the Sanya Flight Information Region (FIR) (ZJSA) advising of ADS-B trial operations along airways L642 and M771:
3. European authorities delayed ADS-B requirements
The European Union passed an amendment to Regulation (EU) No 1207/2011 on September 26, 2014. This amendment is under regulation (EU) No 1028/2014 and revises the dates regarding aircraft equipage mandates.
The amended mandate states that all aircraft with a certificate of airworthiness issued on or after January 8, 2016 and conducting flights under IFR with a Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW) of 5,700 kilograms (12,566 lbs.) or greater or a maximum cruising true airspeed of greater than 250 knots true airspeed must be ADS-B equipped by January 8, 2016. Beginning June 7, 2020, all aircraft meeting the weights/speeds noted above will be required to be ADS-B equipped.
4. Hong Kong has delayed ADS-B phase 2 mandates and new RNP4 mandate
Hong Kong currently requires operations along airways L642 and M771 to be ADS-B equipped at and above FL290. They’ve delayed ADS-B requirements applying to all operations within the Hong Kong FIR, at and above FL290, until December 8, 2016.
Also note that starting December 11, 2014, these two airways will also require RNP4 certification in order to operate at and above FL290.
5. Indonesia will require ADS-B compliance in
Indonesia published AIP SUP 10/14 .
6. Singapore maintains its ADS-B requirements
There have been no changes to the mandate in Singapore. They still require ADS-B equipage at and above FL290 along the following airway segments:
- L642 – ENREP to ESPOB
- L644 – MABLI to DUDIS
- M753 – ENREP to IPRIX
- M771 – DOLOX to DUDIS
- M904 – ENREP to TIDAR
- N891 – ENREP to IGARI
- N892 – MABLI to MELAS
- R208 – UPRON to IGARI
AIP SUP 254/13
7. Sri Lanka establishes ADS-B mandate
Effective September 1, 2015, ADS-B will be required while operating within the Colombo Terminal Control Area (TMA) at or above FL290. Future planning will include the Colombo TMA becoming an exclusive ADS-B airspace by 2020.
8. Taiwan has delayed ADS-B phase 2 requirements
Taiwan currently requires flights along airways B576 and B591, at and above FL290, to be ADS-B-equipped. The Taiwanese authorities have, however, delayed the ADS-B requirement to be applied to all operations in the Taipei FIR, at and above FL290, until December 31, 2016.
AIP SUP 08/14
9. U.S. won’t implement ADS-B until 2020
Federal Aviation Administration authorities have maintained their implementation timeframe for a 2020 start year for flights in Classes A (above FL180), B, and C (airspace around very busy airports), as well as Class E airspace at and above FL100.
10. Vietnam requirements are unchanged
There have been no changes to the mandate in Vietnam. Vietnamese authorities still require ADS-B equipage at and above FL290 along the following airways.
AIP SUP A09/13
12. Equipment requirements
Unless otherwise stated in the individual countries above, the current minimum equipment requirements are for carriage of ADS-B (1090 MHz “out”). On the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Flight Plan (FPL), this is indicated with codes “B1” or “B2” in Item 10b. In Item 18, include the CODE/ field with the Hex version of the aircraft’s ICAO address.
13. Things to watch for
The number one issue we come across with operators not receiving ADS-B service is incorrectly listing the Flight ID within the Flight Management System (FMS). Be sure the Flight ID in the FMS matches what is filed in the FPL as the aircraft identification in Item 7. You can read more here.
|Item 10b (Surveillance Equipment) -SDE2FGHIJ4M2WXYZ/EB1|
|C||Mode A & C|
|E||Mode S with aircraft identification, pressure altitude, and extended squitter (ADS-B) capabilities|
|H||Mode S with aircraft identification, pressure altitude, and enhanced surveillance capabilities|
|I||Mode S with aircraft identification, but no pressure altitude transmission|
|L||Mode S with aircraft identification, pressure altitude, extended squitter (ADS-B) capabilities, and enhanced surveillance capabilities|
|X||Mode S without aircraft identification or pressure altitude transmission|
|P||Mode S with pressure altitude transmission, but no aircraft identification|
|S||Mode S with both pressure altitude transmission and aircraft identification|
|B1||ADS-B with dedicated 1090 MHz ADS-B “out” capability|
|B2||ADS-B with dedicated 1090 MHz ADS-B "out" and "in" capability|
|U1||ADS-B "out" capability using UAT|
|U2||ADS-B "out" and "in" capability using UAT|
|V1||ADS-B "out" capability using VDL Mode 4|
|V2||ADS-B "out" and "in" capability using VDL Mode 4|
|D1||ADS-C with FANS 1/A capabilities|
|G1||ADS-C with ATN capabilities|
We are seeing more countries testing and/or implementing ADS-B requirements. It’s important to stay ahead of such requirements and how they may affect your flight. Also, ensure equipment requirements are met, and proper notation on the flight is done to avoid any issues with upcoming trips.
If you have any questions about this blog article, ADS-B implementation or requirements, or any worldwide flight planning regulation, contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.