Business Aviation in Argentina Series: Permits, PPRs, and Airport Slots
This is a post by guest author Mercedes Puppo of Munser FBO. Mercedes was asked to contribute to our business aviation blog because of her experience and expertise in ground handling in Argentina. Any thoughts expressed below are entirely Mercedes’ and do not necessarily reflect the views of Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc.
This business aviation blog post is part of a series on operating in Argentina and continues from our last article: "Business Aviation in Argentina Series: Fuel, Additional Services, & Security."
Argentina is a hospitable and straightforward operating environment for General Aviation (GA). It is important, however, to communicate with your 3rd-party provider and/or local ground handler to confirm any applicable permit, Prior Permission Required (PPR), and airport slot requirements, as extended lead times may be a factor.
The following is an overview of what you need to know when operating to Argentina:
1. General permit requirements
No overflight permits are required for Argentina – even for aircraft on experimental certificates. GA landing permits are also not required for Argentina, unless you’re operating a charter (non-scheduled commercial) flight with more than 12 passengers, and/or the aircraft is larger than a Gulfstream V. ANAC (Argentina Civil Aviation Authority), the governing authority for landing permits, will presume that any flight with more than 12 passengers, or in an aircraft larger than a Gulfstream V, may be a scheduled commercial operation. If you’re operating a private non-revenue flight in a larger aircraft, or one with a high passenger count, it’s important to provide evidence to ANAC as proof the flight is a private non-revenue operation.
2. Landing permit requirements
In order to obtain a landing permit for Argentina, you’l need to present airworthiness and registration certificates, as well as liability insurance. All of this must be apostilled in the country in which the aircraft is registered and translated into Spanish, using the services of an Argentina-based licensed translator. Your ground handler will assist with this process and will prepare the Anexo 2 form, which is needed to obtain landing permit authorization from ANAC. You must also provide a notarized letter, which will allow your ground handler to act as legal representation in Argentina for permit purposes. This process can take up to 30 days – assuming all required documentation is correct and complete. Shorter-notice permit approvals are, however, possible at the discretion of ANAC. Blanket permits for Argentina are valid for one calendar year. When the time comes to renew a permit, the process starts from the beginning but usually takes less time, as all required documentation is already on file.
3. Landing permit notations
When you have a landing permit for Argentina, the permit confirmation must be placed in flight plan remarks section 18. Your ground handler will provide your permit confirmation to all airport authorities; Customs, Immigrations, and Quarantine (CIQ), etc.
4. Airport slots are seldom needed for Argentina
Airport slots are typically not required for any airfield in Argentina. From time to time, however, temporary slot requirements may be imposed due to incidents at a particular airport or local meteorological conditions. In the rare circumstances that airport slots are required, first priority will go to humanitarian, air ambulance, and diplomatic flights, followed by scheduled commercial aviation and GA.
5. PPR requirements
Some airports in Argentina mandate PPR in order to arrange CIQ and airport overtime. PPRs in Argentina, however, are never needed for aircraft parking purposes. All PPR requests must be approved by ANAC, as well as by all appropriate governing authorities – including CIQ and the health department. For PPR approval it’s best to plan on four-five days’ lead time as this allows sufficient time for all of the approving authorities involved to process the request. Note that these authorities have different operating hours, and charges/fees may be applicable. If CIQ is not available 24 hours at your chosen airport of entry, for example, there will normally be fees for overtime, as well as for transport of CIQ officers to the airfield. Costs associated with a PPR, to internationalize a domestic airport, are normally paid by the ground handler who will bill the operator later. During busy periods – El Calafate (SAWC) in the summer and San Carlos Bariloche (SAZS) during winter ski season – it’s important to submit overtime and PPR requests as early as possible. Be aware that PPRs are only valid for the approved schedule. Any schedule changes require permit revisions.
6. Operations to the Falkland Islands
For travel to/from the Falkland islands, you’l need permits from both the Argentina and UK Air Forces. It’s the responsibility of the operator to communicate directly with these authorities as ground handlers are not permitted to assist in this process. The Argentinean Air Force is the more stringent of the two, in terms of mandated requirements, and will want to know the purpose of your trip, nationality of all onboard, complete aircraft and operator information, and full schedule. Obtaining approval to operate to/from the Falkland Islands usually requires at least one week’s lead time.
7. Documentation and cabotage considerations
Argentina has no cabotage restrictions. You do, however, need to provide all crew and passenger information, as well as operator and aircraft details, on an Anexo A general declaration. This document is normally prepared by the ground handler, in advance, with a stamped copy presented to the captain on arrival. It’s important to carry the Anexo A onboard the aircraft to your next airport of arrival in Argentina, where it must be presented to airport police.
8. Communications preferences
In Argentina, most requests are accomplished via e-mail and fax. If, however, you’re requesting a charter landing permit, your ground handler must physically visit all appropriate airport offices and present original apostilled documentation. Keep in mind that, for landing permit requests, airport authorities always want to see original documentation on arrival.
From the permit, PPR, and airport slot perspective, Argentina is a very open operating environment with fewer requirements in place than most other countries. There are, however, lead time issues to consider in securing certain permits, and it’s always important to ensure that you’re carrying all original required documentation onboard.
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Later, we’ll discuss flight planning, weather, and NOTAMs for Argentina and their impact on your trip.