Operational Insight Weekly · 18 December 2014 Subscribe
Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc.
Operational Insight Weekly - Expert insight for business-aviation operations.
This week's top posts
from our blog

Business Aircraft Operations in the UK: Fuel, Additional Services, and Security

Business Aircraft Operations in the UK: Fuel, Additional Services, and Security
Read Intro  |  Full Post Online

Aviation Catering: Proteins – How to Get the Most From Your In-flight Meals

Aviation Catering: Proteins – How to Get the Most From Your In-flight Meals
Read Intro  |  Full Post Online

VAT Compliance Programs for Europe: Part 1 – VAT Considerations

VAT Compliance Programs for Europe: Part 1 – VAT Considerations
Read Intro  |  Full Post Online

Business Aircraft Operations in Moscow: Part 1 – Which Airport to Pick

Business Aircraft Operations in Moscow: Part 1 – Which Airport to Pick
Read Intro  |  Full Post Online

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NBAA update brief
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This week's top posts from our blog

Business Aircraft Operations in the UK:
Permits and PPRs

Business Aircraft Operations in the UK: Fuel, Additional Services, and Security

For business aircraft operators traveling to the UK, requests for aviation fuel, in-flight catering, and other services should be made in advance of the trip. Here, we'll cover the key things you need to know about these ground service requests, as well as information about...
[read full post online]

Aviation Catering: Proteins – How to Get the Most From Your In-flight Meals

Aviation Catering: Proteins – How to Get the Most From Your In-flight Meals

From the passenger's perspective, catering can make or break a trip in a business aircraft. However, it's not always easy orchestrating all the various elements of a successful in-flight catering experience. Some level of pre-planning is essential, particularly for more elaborate protein...
[read full post online]

VAT Compliance Programs for Europe: Part 1 – VAT Considerations

VAT Compliance Programs for Europe: Part 1 – VAT Considerations

Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Europe can significantly impact your operational costs while in the region. While many business aircraft operators reclaim VAT after the fact, this can be an expensive and lengthy rebate process. The best approach, when possible, is to exempt (or zero-rate) VAT at time of Jet A-1 fuel uplift...
[read full post online]

Business Aircraft Operations in Moscow: Part 1 – Which Airport to Pick

Business Aircraft Operations in Moscow: Part 1 – Which Airport to Pick

Moscow-area airports are always busy with business aircraft movements, and traffic to this area continues to grow. The good news is that operators have different airport options, parking is seldom an issue, and permit processes are manageable with advance planning...
[read full post online]

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Africa/Middle East

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Botswana) There is a travel ban for all non-Botswana citizens traveling from Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of Congo due to the Ebola virus outbreak. Botswana citizens are urged to delay non-essential travel to Ebola-affected countries.
  • (ALL - Cameroon) Officials have closed all borders with Nigeria and suspended all passenger flights to/from Nigeria due to the ongoing Ebola virus outbreak.
  • (ALL - Cape Verde) Officials are prohibiting entry of any foreign non-resident who has visited any country affected by the hemorrhagic fever caused by the Ebola virus in the last 30 days.
  • (ALL - Guinea-Bissau) Officials have re-opened its land border with Guinea.
  • (ALL - Kenya) Officials have closed the Suam border crossing (Trans-Nzola County) with Uganda due to the Ebola outbreak.
  • (ALL - Mauritania) Officials have closed its border with neighboring Mali after an Ebola-related death in the town of Kayes, Mali.
  • (ALL - Mauritius) All travelers who have visited Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, and Congo (DRC) in the last two months are banned from entry.
  • (ALL - Namibia) Foreigners traveling from countries affected by the Ebola virus are prohibited from entry.
  • (ALL - Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea) The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises against all non-essential travel due to the outbreak of the Ebola virus. Efforts to contain the outbreak will likely result in critical commercial and transportation disruptions in all three countries.
  • (ALL - Rwanda) All travelers who have visited Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the past 22 days prior to arrival in Rwanda are prohibited from entry.
  • (ALL - Saudi Arabia) All flights landing at King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) with passengers from Jijiga, Ethiopia (HAJJ) will be subject to a fine.
  • (ALL - Senegal) The ban on air transport from Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia has been lifted. Land borders with Guinea will remain closed. Authorities will continue to implement Ebola screening measures at Leopold Sedar International Airport (DKR).
  • (ALL - Seychelles) Officials have removed restrictions on travelers from Guinea- Bissau and Nigeria. Entry is still suspended for all travelers who have visited Congo (DRC), Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone in the 28 days prior to travel.
  • (ALL - South Africa) A health questionnaire must be completed by every passenger/crew member for any international flight from all destinations, including countries neighboring South Africa. Officials have also imposed a travel ban barring entry to all non-South Africans returning from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. All South Africans returning from any of these countries would face strict health screenings upon arrival and are advised against non-essential travel to the affected states.
  • (ALL - South Sudan) Officials have placed a ban on all travelers from Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia or Congo (DRC) in the 21 days prior to travel. The health ministry states that entry of travelers from Nigeria is dependent on their health history in that country and whether they visited Ebola virus-affected areas.
  • (ALL - Turkey) U.S. citizens are no longer allowed to obtain a visa upon arrival. New regulations require U.S. citizens to obtain an e-visa prior to arrival.
  • (LCLK) Larnaca will be closed:
    • Between 2045-0330 on 19 January-1 March 2015.
    • Between 0045-0130 on 1 April-28 June 2015.
  • (LLBG) Tel Aviv will be closed to GA traffic:
    • Between 1600-2055 on 23 January-20 March 2015.
    • Between 1100-2030 on 22-23 September 2015.
  • (LTFJ) Sabiha Gokcen, Istanbul will be closed:
    • Between 2100-0300 on 6-15 April 2015.
    • Between 2200-0200 on 4 May-10 October 2015.
Low/no fuel announcements
  • (FEFF) Bangui - UVair supplier Air Total has no fuel available until further notice.
  • (FKYS) Yaounde - UVair supplier Air Total advises fuel restrictions of 8,000 USG per aircraft until further notice. Confirm availability in advance.
  • (FOOL) Libreville - UVair supplier Air Total has no fuel available.
  • (FTTC) Abeche - UVair supplier Air Total is unable to fuel beyond 19 December until supply levels are replenished.
  • (GUCY) Conakry - UVair supplier Air Total has limited fuel; advise volumes and confirm availability in advance.
  • (HHAS) Asmara - UVair supplier Air Total has fueling restrictions in place; only VIP flights are allowed access with prior validation.
FAM global monitor security briefings

  Yemen
The U.S. Embassy reminds all U.S. citizens of the continued high risk of kidnapping and terrorist attacks throughout Yemen. The Embassy has received credible reports that U.S. citizens may be targeted by terrorist groups for kidnappings or attacks in or near the city of Aden. U.S. citizens living in this area should take extra precautions and consider leaving Yemen.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

No newly published warnings for this region at publication time.
To see all current travel warnings, visit here.

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Asia/Pacific/Australia

In addition to our Global Operational Insight Edition, would you like our Asia-Pacific Edition?

You can also subscribe to our Operational Insight Asia-Pacific edition by changing your e-mail preferences here. Operational Insight Asia-Pacific edition is a business-aviation news and operational bulletin distributed each month by Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc.

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Australia) Australia has imposed a temporary suspension on the processing of all visa applications from Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea due to the EVD (Ebola Virus disease) outbreak. Australia is also canceling and refusing non-permanent or temporary visas held by anyone from the Ebola-affected countries who have yet to leave for Australia. Permanent visa holders from the affected countries are being required to submit to a 21-day quarantine period before departure to Australia. Visitors approved to travel to Australia will also face further screening and follow-up checks upon arrival. Australia has also temporarily suspended its humanitarian program in the affected countries.
  • (ALL - China) Due to the spread of the Ebola virus, China will conduct medical exams of passengers who have been in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the last 21 days. The quarantine department should be informed in advance about any passenger visiting these countries in the past 21 days. Crew members should be replaced if they have been to these countries in the past 21 days.
  • (ALL - Maldives) On-arrival visas will not be issued for travelers (including third-country nationals) from countries affected by the Ebola outbreak, including Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. Maldivians returning from Ebola-affected countries will be isolated for the 21-day incubation period of the disease. Commercial international airlines need to complete the declaration of health section for each flight.
  • (ALL - North Korea) Officials have banned foreign tourists over fears of Ebola. The ban applies all entry ports and border crossings. All other visitors will reportedly be required to spend 21 days in government-supervised quarantine, regardless of their country of origin or point of departure.
  • (NTAA) Papeete will be closed daily between 1800-0330 through 10 January 2015.
Low/no fuel announcements
  • (All - Japan) Japan fuel orders should be submitted as early as possible as UVair supplier Idemitsu's main fueling office will be closed for the New Year's holiday from 26 December through 4 January. Into plane fueling continues as usual on the airports, but fuel orders may take a bit longer to process during the period.
  • (VARIOUS - The Philippines) UVair supplier Petron has no fuel available at Iloilo (RPVI) and Kalibo (RPVK); supplier expects to resume fueling within the coming week.
  • (VARIOUS) ExxonMobil requires a minimum 72 hours prior notice for fueling or fuel cannot be guaranteed at:
    • (PGUM) Agana (Guam).
    • (PGSN) Saipan Island.
    • (PKMJ) Majuro (Marshall Islands).
  • (PKMJ) Majuro (Marshall Islands) - UVair supplier ExxonMobil will be unable to fuel ad hoc operators during monthly supply replenishment scheduled for 3-6 January 2015.
  • (UTTT) Tashkent - UVair supplier Airport Authority will not provide fuel for tech stops. Only passenger flights where UTTT is the final destination will be fueled.
  • (VAUD) Udaipur - UVair fuel is now available via Indian Oil.
  • (ZMUB) Ulaanbaatar - UVair supplier MIAT Mongolia Airlines has resumed fueling as normal.
FAM global monitor security briefings

  Pakistan
"God is great," the Taliban militants shouted as they roared through the hallways of a school in Peshawar, Pakistan. The hours-long siege at Army Public School and Degree College ended early Tuesday evening, leaving at least 145 people – 132 children, 10 school staff members, and three soldiers – dead. More than 100 were injured, many with gunshot wounds, according to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province Information Minister Mushtaq Ghani. The death toll does not include the terrorists who attacked the school, bursting into an auditorium where a large number of students were taking an exam and gunning down many of them within minutes.

  India
Security was beefed up in the capital, especially at public places like malls, in the wake of the hostage crisis in Sydney, Australia where an Iranian-origin gunman held about 15 people hostage. According to a senior police official, security has been stepped up in popular malls and areas which have clusters of cafes and restaurants. Delhi Police were already on a heightened vigil after a red alert on 5 December over intelligence of a possible terror strike.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

No newly published warnings for this region at publication time.
To see all current travel warnings, visit here.

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Europe/Eastern Europe

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Denmark) Due to the Ebola virus outbreak, all arriving aircraft from foreign destinations must notify the local health service if persons on board are suffering from contagious diseases, or if there is any risk of other conditions that may lead to the spread of diseases.
  • (ALL - Greece) Due to the Ebola outbreak, all passengers and crew arriving from Africa must complete an incoming passenger card. If anyone onboard has traveled to Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, or Nigeria, the center for disease control and prevention must be contacted for instructions.
  • (ALL - Italy) Due to the Ebola virus outbreak, all flights to/from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone will be required to complete a passenger locator card for all passengers/crew and retain the cards for at least 21 days. Cards shall be made available to the Ministry of Health.
  • (VARIOUS - Ukraine) Both Simferopol (UKFF) and Sevastopol (UKFB) airports are closed due to the political climate between Ukraine and the Russian Federation regarding Crimea.
  • (EGGW) London-Luton will be closed between 2300-0500 on 24-26 December and between 0001-0530 on 7-15 March 2015.
  • (EGLF) Farnborough will be closed between 0700-2200 on 25-26 December.
  • (EGNH) Blackpool Airport has closed permanently.
  • (EGSY) Sheffield has closed permanently.
  • (EIDW) Dublin will be closed between 2330-0400 on 24-26 December.
  • (LIML) Linate, Milan will be closed between 2315-0430 through 21 December.
  • (LSGG) Geneva will be closed:
    • Between 2259-0459 through 20 December.
    • Between 2259-0459 on 11 January-28 March 2015.
Low/no fuel announcements
  • (VARIOUS - Greece) When fueling with UVair supplier Shell and MOH Aviation Fuels, exempt operators must present a copy of their valid Air Operator's Certificate (AOC, or national equivalent) to prove exemption from VAT and excise duties. A fuel release is required and UVair must provide operators' physical billing address (for AOC and non-AOC operators), and applicable VAT or tax identification number (VAT ID is required from all EU based operators, and for AOC uplifts only for all others; an AOC/ACC document number will not suffice in this case).
  • (VARIOUS - France) Operators must present an AOC (or other proof of exemption) to fuel with UVair supplier Air Total at Aix (LFMA), Laval (LFOV), and Le Mans (LFRM).
  • (ENZV) Stavanger - UVair supplier Statoil expects continuing supply issues through 2014; international flights in excess of 2.5 hours should confirm fuel requirements in advance, tanker in, or divert during this time.
  • (LEAB) Albacete - UVair supplier Air BP provides Jet A-1 type fuel; they are unable to fuel aircraft requiring JP-8 and fueling within the military area.
  • (LIMC) Malpensa, Milan - ENI via Skytanking is primary fueler; Air Total is available, but commercial takes top priority so expect delays.
  • (LIPQ) Trieste - UVair supplier Air Total will exit on 31 December; new supplier details are pending with Q8 Aviation.
  • (LIRF) Fiumicino, Rome - UVair supplier Air Total suggests tankering for operators planning tech stop refueling between 0500-0600 daily. Operators planning early morning departures should fuel on arrival or the evening before departure.
  • (LIRP) Pisa - Supplier Q8 suggests operators keep a copy of their UVair fuel release onboard the aircraft to prevent delays in fueling.
  • (LSZH) Zurich - UVair supply via Air Total is provided into plane at GA ramp by Jet Aviation; at commercial ramp via IPS (Into Plane Service Pool). Jet Aviation accepts UVair card and offers direct refueling on their ramp, but at retail price.
FAM global monitor security briefings

  Spain
Spanish and Moroccan police said Tuesday they had arrested seven suspected members of a terror network spread across their two countries aimed at recruiting women for the Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq. The Moroccan Interior Ministry said two heads of the group were based in Fnideq, just outside the Spanish enclave of Ceuta, where women were brought from Spain and indoctrinated with jihadi thought. European authorities have noticed a sharp increase in the recruitment of women from Europe for the Islamic State group in the past year, with at least 100 coming just from France. The women were to be used as suicide bombers or married off to jihadi fighters, said the Moroccan statement.

  Russia
The Russian ruble faced intense selling pressure Tuesday, falling at one stage by a whopping 20 percent to historic lows despite a massive pre-dawn interest rate hike from the country's central bank. The surprise decision to raise the rate to 17 percent from 10.5 percent came in the middle of the night and represented a desperate attempt to prop up the troubled currency. The ruble has fallen sharply in recent weeks as a result of sliding oil prices as well as the impact of Western sanctions imposed over Russia's involvement in Ukraine.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

No newly published warnings for this region at publication time.
To see all current travel warnings, visit here.

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North America

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Canada) New travel visas will not be issued to residents or citizens of countries with widespread and persistent Ebola transmission. The government has also stopped the processing of permanent residency visas for people from the affected countries.
  • (ALL - United States) All travelers from countries affected by the Ebola outbreak (Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Mali) will now travel through one of five major U.S. airports: Washington, D.C.-Dulles (KIAD); Chicago-O'Hare (KORD); New York-JFK (KJFK); Newark-Liberty (KEWR); and Atlanta-Hartsfield-Jackson (KATL) to undergo an interview, temperature check, and additional protocols. All travelers returning from the affected countries will be monitored for 21 days.
  • (KHDI) Cleveland, TN - Hardwick Field has closed permanently.
Low/no fuel announcements

None for this region at publication time.

FAM global monitor security briefings

  Mexico
A shootout between rival vigilantes in Mexico's western Michoacan state has left 11 dead, authorities said on Tuesday. This is the clearest sign yet of renewed unrest in an area that President Enrique Pena Nieto's government said had been pacified. The federal government's security commissioner for the state, Alfredo Castillo, told reporters the clash pitted two rival vigilante groups against each other in the town of La Ruana, about 150 miles from Morelia, the state capital. The unrest in Michoacan follows rising anger about a lack of security in Mexico, where the abduction and presumed massacre of 43 trainee teachers has sparked mass protests across the country.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

No newly published warnings for this region at publication time.
To see all current travel warnings, visit here.

New UVair locations

Visit any of our UVair fuel-member locations to receive negotiated savings and streamlined custom billing. Call +1 (713) 378-2727 or N. America +1 (866) 882-4737, or visit uvair.com, to learn more about the UVair Fuel Program.

  • Gill Aviation (KDWH) - Houston, TX
  • Marana Aerospace Solutions (KMZJ) - Marana, AZ

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South and Central America/Caribbean

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Antigua and Barbuda) All visitors from Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia are prohibited entry. Visas for travelers from these countries have been suspended. All passports are being reviewed to determine passenger travel history within six weeks prior to arrival. Precautions will be taken for anyone arriving from a country where the disease is endemic; anyone with symptoms will be placed in the quarantine facility for assessment. Anyone having contact with an Ebola patient or who has eaten bush meat will be placed under active surveillance for 21 days. If they have not been in contact with anyone with Ebola, they will be placed under passive surveillance. Authorities reserve the right to quarantine any returning resident or citizen.
  • (ALL - Belize) Officials have banned entry/visa issuance to nationals from Guinea, Liberia, and Nigeria. Sierra Leone nationals, (no visa required) are also denied entry. Additionally, any travelers who have visited these countries in the past 30 days are also denied entry.
  • (ALL - Colombia) Any traveler who has visited Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea, or Nigeria since 15 September will be denied entry due to the Ebola outbreak. This restriction applies to both Colombian nationals and foreigners. Visa applications will be denied under these restrictions as a preventative measure. Ebola virus disease (EVD) screenings will be conducted as needed and may cause travel delays.
  • (ALL - Dominican Republic) The government has banned entry to travelers who have been in the following countries in the past 30 days: Sierra Leone, Senegal, Liberia, Guinea, and Nigeria, as well as any countries that the World Health Organization has deemed to be affected by the Ebola virus.
  • (ALL - Guyana) Visas will not be issued to nationals from Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria. Health officials will screens travelers who have visited these countries in the six weeks prior to arrival in Guyana.
  • (ALL - Haiti) Travelers who have been to Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone in the past 28 days will be denied entry into Haiti. Travelers who have been to these countries more than 28 days before travel to Haiti must present a government-certified health certificate and the results of a blood test for the Ebola virus upon arrival.
  • (ALL - Jamaica) The government has imposed an entry ban for travelers arriving from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, as well as those who have visited these countries within the four weeks prior to their arrival. In addition, any Jamaican national who travels to the aforementioned countries will be quarantined for 28 days upon return to Jamaica.
  • (ALL - Panama) Officials have banned entry of travelers who have visited Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the past 21 days prior to arrival. This ban will remain in place until these countries are declared Ebola-free.
  • (ALL - St. Kitts and Nevis) Officials have restricted the entry of nationals from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Similar measures will also be applied to travelers who have visited these countries 21 days prior to travel.
  • (ALL - Saint Lucia) All visitors from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone will be denied entry to Saint Lucia until further notice. Visitors from Nigeria will be required to present a recent medical certificate, clearing them of the Ebola virus, in addition to a valid visa.
  • (ALL - St. Maarten) Visitors who have traveled to, from, or through Congo (DRC), Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone 21 days prior to arrival will be denied entry, or transit through St. Maarten.
  • (ALL - St. Vincent and the Grenadines) A travel ban is in effect for nationals from Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Guinea due to the Ebola virus and lack of medical resources to deal with a potential outbreak.
  • (ALL - Suriname) Officials have banned entry to foreign travelers who have been to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the past 21 days prior to arrival, unless they can present an internationally recognized health certificate clearing them of the Ebola virus.
  • (ALL - Trinidad and Tobago) All visitors from Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of Congo will be prohibited entry along with any persons who visited the affected countries in the last six weeks. Trinidad and Tobago residents who visited the affected countries in the past six weeks will be quarantined for a minimum period of 21 days.
  • (MGGT) Guatemala City will be closed between 0600-0900 through 20 December.
  • (MRLB) Liberia will be closed between 0230-1200 on 20 December.
  • (SBCF) Belo Horizonte will be closed daily between 1503-2359 through 12 January 2015.
  • (TNCA) Oranjestad (Aruba Island) will be closed daily between 0400-1100 through 31 January 2015.
Low/no fuel announcements
  • (VARIOUS - Peru) Only domestic refueling is available through UVair supplier Petroperu (when next destination is within Peru). This includes (SPQT) Iquitos, (SPQU) Arequipa, (SPRU) Trujillo, (SPSO) Pisco, (SPST) Tarapoto, (SPTN) Tacna, (SPYL) Talara, and (SPZO) Cusco. UVair supplier Repsol Peru is fueling normally at (SPIM) Lima.
  • (MGGT) Guatemala City - UVair supplier ChevronTexaco, fueling on the east and military ramps from 0900-1600 LT, requires a minimum of 24 hours' notice. Outside these hours, or with less than 24 hours' notice, fueling will be on the south international ramp.
  • (MRLM) Puerto Limon City - UVair supplier Recope has no fuel available.
FAM global monitor security briefings

  Brazil
Brazilian indigenous protesters armed with bows and arrows have clashed with police inside the National Congress building in the capital, Brasilia. The group, with some 30 men, tried to break into the building to protest against a bill on indigenous lands. Police officers used pepper spray and blocked access to a committee that was due to vote on the proposal. An arrow struck a policeman's boot but he was uninjured, said the Brazilian authorities.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

Venezuela - 11 December
U.S. citizens are warned about the security situation in Venezuela as violent crime is pervasive both in the capital, Caracas, and in the interior.
http://travel.state.gov/content/passports/english/alertswarnings/venezuela-travel-warning.html

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NBAA update briefs

Visit http://www.nbaa.org/news/update/ for full versions of these briefs, plus much more of the week's business-aviation news.

NOTAM Mandates Cold-Weather Altitude Correction, Reporting at 272 Airports
After conducting a risk analysis of cold-weather altimetry errors at airports with current FAR Part 97 instrument approaches, the FAA has compiled a list of 272 cold-temperature-restricted airports in 30 states that need altitude corrections to ensure the required obstacle clearance.
http://www.nbaa.org/ops/airspace/20141211-notice-to-airmen-mandates-cold-weather-altitude-correction-reporting-at-272-airports.php

FAA Issues Safety Alert on Flap Configurations
A recent FAA safety alert urges flight departments to raise awareness of aircraft misconfigurations on takeoff with an emphasis on flap position.
http://www.nbaa.org/ops/safety/20141211-federal-aviation-administration-issues-safety-alert-on-flap-configurations.php

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Worldwide weather report

Through Universal Trip Support Services, you get access to extensive aviation weather services and online global weather. Click here for details.

TROPICAL
There are no active tropical systems at this time.

VOLCANOES
Sinabung, located in Indonesia, is producing an ash cloud up to 10,000 feet moving toward the northwest at 10 knots. On the Kamchatka Peninsula, Mt. Sheveluch was producing an ash cloud that extends up to 33,000 feet. The ash was moving toward the northwest at 20 knots.

AFRICA
Clusters of thunderstorms with max tops to 50,000 feet can be expected over the southern half of the continent. A cold front pushing inland over southern South Africa will produce isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 45,000 feet along with moderate low-level turbulence. A cold front pushing southward into southern Egypt and Libya will produce gusty surface winds, resulting in occasional moderate low-level turbulence. No precipitation is expected with the front. A 140-knot jet core at 42,000 feet will extend from west to east across the northern portion of the continent and will produce occasional moderate turbulence.

ASIA
Low pressure near the Korean peninsula will produce snow to the north, which will change to rain over western Japan. High pressure will dominate a large portion of China, resulting in areas of dense late night and morning fog. Areas of smoke will combine with fog to produce reduced visibilities across portions of India as well. A 110-knot jet core at 33,000 feet extends from northern Korea northeastward into Russia and will produce occasional moderate turbulence. A 140-knot jet core at 40,000 feet will extend from west to east across southeastern China. Moderate turbulence can also be expected with this feature.

SOUTHEAST ASIA/NORTH PACIFIC
Isolated thunderstorms with max tops up to 48,000 feet can be expected over most of Indonesia and the Philippines. A more concentrated area of a few thunderstorms with max tops to 50,000 feet can be expected across Malaysia. A large storm system over the central and eastern Pacific will produce mostly rain along with strong surface winds. A 140-knot jet core at 40,000 feet extends from China eastward into the western Pacific where it will strengthen to 170 knots. Just north of that, a 160-knot jet core at 33,000 feet will also extend from west to east. These two jet cores will combine to produce moderate to occasional severe turbulence.

AUSTRALIA/SOUTH PACIFIC
Expect isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 48,000 feet over portions of northern and central Australia. Weak low pressure centered off the east coast of Australia will produce isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 42,000 feet. An upper-level trough will result in afternoon and evening isolated thunderstorms across New Zealand with max tops to 40,000 feet. A 100-knot jet core will extend from west to east well south of Australia and will produce occasional moderate turbulence.

ATLANTIC/EUROPE
A frontal boundary over the western north Atlantic will produce rain showers along with isolated thunderstorm with max tops to 38,000 feet. Just to the east, an upper-level low will trigger a larger area of isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 42,000 feet. A frontal boundary stretches from west to east across western and central Europe and will produce rain shower activity, which will change over to mostly snow across Eastern Europe. Strong surface winds associated with the front will result in occasional moderate low-level turbulence, mainly across Western Europe. A surface trough will produce more snow across northern Norway and Sweden. A storm system moving into north-central Russia and its associated cold front will produce more snow along with moderate low-level turbulence. High pressure will dominate most of western Russia, resulting in areas of dense fog. A 120-knot jet core at 35,000 feet will extend from the western North Atlantic eastward into Western Europe and will produce occasional moderate turbulence. A 90-knot jet core at 32,000 feet will extend from west to east across north-central Russia.

NORTH AMERICA
A developing area of low pressure along the western Gulf coast will produce rain showers along with isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 42,000 feet. A frontal system moving into western Canada and the northwestern U.S. will produce rain along the coast, which will change to snow further inland. High pressure will dominate a large portion of the central U.S. with no significant weather expected. Patchy morning fog will be possible across portions of central Mexico and eastern Canada. A small area of isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 44,000 feet can be expected just off the Central American coast. A 120-knot jet core at 40,000 feet will extend from west to east from the western Gulf coast eastward into the southwestern North Atlantic. Occasional moderate turbulence can be expected along the jet core.

SOUTH AMERICA
Expect isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 49,000 feet that originate mainly from northern Brazil southward into northern Argentina. A strong cold front pushing across southern Chile and Argentina will produce strong surface winds, resulting in moderate low-level turbulence. Only a few rain showers will accompany the front. A 130-knot jet core will extend from west to east across the same area at 35,000 feet and will produce occasional moderate turbulence. Patchy morning fog is possible over a small portion of southeastern Brazil.

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About Operational Insight Weekly

Operational Insight Weekly is a business-aviation news and operational bulletin distributed each Thursday by Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc. The day of release may fluctuate due to late-breaking information. Please forward all questions and comments concerning Operational Insight Weekly to operationalinsight@univ-wea.com.

Universal staff have compiled the content of this publication from various sources, and believes it to be accurate at the time of distribution. Universal shall not, however, be liable for factual or editorial errors contained herein. Readers should NOT act or rely on the information until they have confirmed its continuing accuracy.

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Operational Insight Weekly

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