Operational Insight Weekly · 11 December 2014 Subscribe
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Operational Insight Weekly - Expert insight for business-aviation operations.
This week's top posts
from our blog

Business Aircraft Operations in the UK: Permits and PPRs

Business Aircraft Operations in the UK: Permits and PPRs
Read Intro  |  Full Post Online

Corporate Flight Attendant Training 101: Tea Service

Corporate Flight Attendant Training 101: Tea Service
Read Intro  |  Full Post Online

Business Aircraft Ops to the French Riviera via Le Castellet: Part 2 – Operating Considerations

Business Aircraft Ops to the French Riviera via Le Castellet: Part 2 – Operating Considerations
Read Intro  |  Full Post Online

MEBA 2014 Special: Business Aircraft Operations in the Middle East

MEBA 2014 Special: Business Aircraft Operations in the Middle East
Read Intro  |  Full Post Online

Regional news
NBAA update brief
Worldwide weather report

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This week's top posts from our blog

Business Aircraft Operations in the UK:
Permits and PPRs

Business Aircraft Operations in the UK: Permits and PPRs

For business aircraft operating to the UK, there are situations when Prior Permission Required (PPR) and/or permits, for landing or overflight, may be required. Though this is a straightforward process, there are lead times and information/documentation that need to be considered. Below is an overview of what these situations are and the processes involved...
[read full post online]

Corporate Flight Attendant Training 101:
Tea Service

Corporate Flight Attendant Training 101: Tea Service

Tea, especially green tea, has become a frequently consumed hot beverage onboard private jets, primarily due to its beneficial health effects. However, there are differences in how different cultures serve tea and when this beverage is consumed...
[read full post online]

Business Aircraft Ops to the French Riviera via Le Castellet: Part 2 – Operating Considerations

Business Aircraft Ops to the French Riviera via Le Castellet: Part 2 – Operating Considerations

Le Castellet (LFMQ) is a user-friendly airfield and a popular alternate parking choice for nearby French Riviera locations. While there are occasional issues with Customs, Immigration, and Quarantine (CIQ) availability – and rare cases when weather conditions may cause you to divert – LFMQ is a top choice for many business aircraft operators...
[read full post online]

MEBA 2014 Special: Business Aircraft Operations in the Middle East

MEBA 2014 Special: Business Aircraft Operations in the Middle East

Regulatory requirements and other operational requirements can change at a moment's notice. A great example of that is the change in how Israel landing permits are processed, which took place earlier this year. Our blog's mission is to give you the information you need to make your critical missions a success. With the 2014 Middle East Business Aviation (MEBA 2014) convention taking place this week, we thought it would be useful...
[read full post online]

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Africa/Middle East

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Botswana) There is a travel ban for all non-Botswana citizens traveling from Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of Congo due to the Ebola virus outbreak. Botswana citizens are urged to delay non-essential travel to Ebola-affected countries.
  • (ALL - Cameroon) Officials have closed all borders with Nigeria and suspended all passenger flights to/from Nigeria due to the ongoing Ebola virus outbreak.
  • (ALL - Cape Verde) Officials are prohibiting entry of any foreign non-resident who has visited any country affected by the hemorrhagic fever caused by the Ebola virus in the last 30 days.
  • (ALL - Cote d'Ivoire) Commercial airliners are prohibited from carrying passengers from Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria to Cote d'Ivoire due to the Ebola virus outbreak. All passengers will have their temperature checked upon arrival from any destination.
  • (ALL - Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea) The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises against all non-essential travel due to the outbreak of the Ebola virus. Efforts to contain the outbreak will likely result in critical commercial and transportation disruptions in all three countries.
  • (ALL - Saudi Arabia) All flights landing at King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) with passengers from Jijiga, Ethiopia (HAJJ) will be subject to a fine.
  • (ALL - Senegal) The ban on air transport from Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia has been lifted. Land borders with Guinea will remain closed. Authorities will continue to implement Ebola screening measures at Leopold Sedar International Airport (DKR).
  • (ALL - South Africa) A health questionnaire must be completed by every passenger/crew member for any international flight from all destinations, including countries neighboring South Africa. Officials have also imposed a travel ban barring entry to all non-South Africans returning from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. All South Africans returning from any of these countries would face strict health screenings upon arrival and are advised against non-essential travel to the affected states.
  • (ALL - Turkey) U.S. citizens are no longer allowed to obtain a visa upon arrival. New regulations require U.S. citizens to obtain an e-visa prior to arrival.
  • (LCLK) Larnaca will be closed:
    • Between 2045-0330 through 14 December.
    • Between 2045-0330 on 19 January-1 March 2015.
    • Between 0045-0130 on 1 April-28 June 2015.
  • (LLBG) Tel Aviv will be closed to GA traffic:
    • Between 1600-2055 on 23 January-20 March 2015.
    • Between 1100-2030 on 22-23 September 2015.
  • (LTFJ) Sabiha Gokcen, Istanbul will be closed:
    • Between 2100-0300 on 6-15 April 2015.
    • Between 2200-0200 on 4 May-10 October 2015.
Low/no fuel announcements
  • (FEFF) Bangui - UVair supplier Air Total has no fuel available until further notice.
  • (FKYS) Yaounde - UVair supplier Air Total advises fuel restrictions of 8,000 USG per aircraft until further notice. Confirm availability in advance.
  • (FOOL) Libreville - UVair supplier Air Total has no fuel available.
  • (GUCY) Conakry - UVair supplier Air Total has limited fuel; advise volumes and confirm availability in advance.
  • (HHAS) Asmara - UVair supplier Air Total has fueling restrictions in place; only VIP flights are allowed access with prior validation.
FAM global monitor security briefings

  Israel
Israel indicted an American citizen on charges of planning terrorist attacks against Muslim holy sites in the country, police said Tuesday. Israeli authorities identified the suspect as Adam Livix, 30, of Texas. He was arrested last month after a joint operation of police and Israel's Shin Bet security agency. Livix, who was indicted Sunday, has been charged with possessing weapons, obstructing police work, and being in Israel illegally. He entered Israel on March 2013 on a tourist visa that expired the following September.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

No newly published warnings for this region at publication time.
To see all current travel warnings, visit here.

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Asia/Pacific/Australia

In addition to our Global Operational Insight Edition, would you like our Asia-Pacific Edition?

You can also subscribe to our Operational Insight Asia-Pacific edition by changing your e-mail preferences here. Operational Insight Asia-Pacific edition is a business-aviation news and operational bulletin distributed each month by Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc.

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Australia) Australia has imposed a temporary suspension on the processing of all visa applications from Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea due to the EVD (Ebola Virus disease) outbreak. Australia is also canceling and refusing non-permanent or temporary visas held by anyone from the Ebola-affected countries who have yet to leave for Australia. Permanent visa holders from the affected countries are being required to submit to a 21-day quarantine period before departure to Australia. Visitors approved to travel to Australia will also face further screening and follow-up checks upon arrival. Australia has also temporarily suspended its humanitarian program in the affected countries.
  • (ALL - China) Due to the spread of the Ebola virus, China will conduct medical exams of passengers who have been in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the last 21 days. The quarantine department should be informed in advance about any passenger visiting these countries in the past 21 days. Crew members should be replaced if they have been to these countries in the past 21 days.
  • (ALL - Maldives) On-arrival visas will not be issued for travelers (including third-country nationals) from countries affected by the Ebola outbreak, including Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. Maldivians returning from Ebola-affected countries will be isolated for the 21-day incubation period of the disease. Commercial international airlines need to complete the declaration of health section for each flight.
  • (NTAA) Papeete will be closed daily between 1800-0330 through 10 January 2015.
Low/no fuel announcements
  • (VARIOUS - The Philippines) UVair supplier PTT is fueling normally at Philippine airports affected by the typhoon. UVair supplier Petron reports only these Philippine airports are affected by the typhoon:
    • (RPVM) Lapu has no fuel available.
    • (RPVI) Iloilo has no fuel available.
    • (RPVK) Kalibo has no fuel available.
  • (VARIOUS) ExxonMobil requires a minimum 72 hours prior notice for fueling or fuel cannot be guaranteed at:
    • (PGUM) Agana (Guam).
    • (PGSN) Saipan Island.
    • (PKMJ) Majuro (Marshall Islands).
  • (PKMJ) Majuro (Marshall Islands) - UVair supplier ExxonMobil will be unable to fuel ad hoc operators during monthly supply replenishment tentatively scheduled for 6-8 January 2015.
  • (UTTT) Tashkent - UVair supplier Airport Authority will not provide fuel for tech stops. Only passenger flights where UTTT is the final destination will be fueled.
  • (ZMUB) Ulaanbaatar - UVair supplier MIAT Mongolia Airlines has no fuel available.
FAM global monitor security briefings

  Thailand
U.S. citizens in Thailand are warned that the release of declassified versions of the executive summary, findings, and conclusions of the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence's report of the CIA's Rendition, Detention and Interrogation program could prompt anti-U.S. protests and violence against U.S. interests, including private U.S. citizens.

  Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka will hold presidential elections on 8 January 2015. The campaign will feature large public events and rallies. Political rallies and election campaigns in Sri Lanka have occasionally turned violent. U.S. citizens are reminded to avoid polling stations, large public gatherings, political rallies, and demonstrations.

  The Philippines
A bomb attack in the southern Philippines that killed 10 bus passengers, mostly students, and injured 42, was intended to derail a peace deal with Muslim rebels, two army officials said on Wednesday. The Philippines signed a peace deal in March with its largest Muslim rebel group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), aimed at ending four decades of conflict that killed more than 120,000 people and displaced two million. The rebels agreed to disband their guerrilla army and give up their weapons in exchange for more autonomy for the Muslim-dominated region.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

No newly published warnings for this region at publication time.
To see all current travel warnings, visit here.

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Europe/Eastern Europe

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Denmark) Due to the Ebola virus outbreak, all arriving aircraft from foreign destinations must notify the local health service if persons on board are suffering from contagious diseases, or if there is any risk of other conditions that may lead to the spread of diseases.
  • (ALL - Greece) Due to the Ebola outbreak, all passengers and crew arriving from Africa must complete an incoming passenger card. If anyone onboard has traveled to Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, or Nigeria, the center for disease control and prevention must be contacted for instructions.
  • (ALL - Italy) Due to the Ebola virus outbreak, all flights to/from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone will be required to complete a passenger locator card for all passengers/crew and retain the cards for at least 21 days. Cards shall be made available to the Ministry of Health.
  • (VARIOUS - Ukraine) Both Simferopol (UKFF) and Sevastopol (UKFB) airports are closed due to the political climate between Ukraine and the Russian Federation regarding Crimea.
  • (EGBB) Birmingham will be closed between 2305-0600 through 11 December.
  • (EGGW) London-Luton will be closed between 2300-0500 on 24-26 December and between 0001-0530 on 7-15 March 2015.
  • (EGLF) Farnborough will be closed between 0700-2200 on 25-26 December.
  • (EGNH) Blackpool Airport has closed permanently.
  • (EGSY) Sheffield has closed permanently.
  • (EIDW) Dublin will be closed between 2330-0400 on 24-26 December.
  • (LIML) Linate, Milan will be closed between 2315-0430 through 14 December.
  • (LIPZ) Venice will be closed between 2330-0450 on 12 December.
  • (LSGG) Geneva will be closed:
    • Between 2259-0459 through 20 December.
    • Between 2259-0459 on 11 January-28 March 2015.
Low/no fuel announcements
  • (VARIOUS - Greece) When fueling with UVair supplier Shell and MOH Aviation Fuels, exempt operators must present a copy of their valid Air Operator's Certificate (AOC, or national equivalent) to prove exemption from VAT and excise duties. A fuel release is required and UVair must provide operators' physical billing address (for AOC and non-AOC operators), and applicable VAT or tax identification number (VAT ID is required from all EU based operators, and for AOC uplifts only for all others; an AOC/ACC document number will not suffice in this case).
  • (VARIOUS - France) Operators must present an AOC (or other proof of exemption) to fuel with UVair supplier Air Total at Aix (LFMA), Laval (LFOV), and Le Mans (LFRM).
  • (ENZV) Stavanger - UVair supplier Statoil expects continuing supply issues through 2014; international flights in excess of 2.5 hours should confirm fuel requirements in advance, tanker in, or divert during this time.
  • (LEAB) Albacete - UVair supplier Air BP provides Jet A-1 type fuel; they are unable to fuel aircraft requiring JP-8 and fueling within the military area.
  • (LIMC) Malpensa, Milan - ENI via Skytanking is primary fueler; Air Total is available, but commercial takes top priority so expect delays.
  • (LIRF) Fiumicino, Rome - UVair supplier Air Total suggests tankering for operators planning tech stop refueling between 0500-0600 daily. Operators planning early morning departures should fuel on arrival or the evening before departure.
  • (LIRP) Pisa - Supplier Q8 suggests operators keep a copy of their UVair fuel release onboard the aircraft to prevent delays in fueling.
  • (LSZH) Zurich - UVair supply via Air Total is provided into plane at GA ramp by Jet Aviation; at commercial ramp via IPS (Into Plane Service Pool). Jet Aviation accepts the UVair card and offers direct refueling on their ramp, but at retail price.
FAM global monitor security briefings

  United Kingdom
Up to 17,000 residents in the west of Scotland were left without power on Wednesday morning as a "weather bomb" of wet and windy conditions battered parts of Britain with gusts expected to reach up to 80 miles per hour. Heavy rain and winds hit Scotland, Northern Ireland, and northern England overnight with an amber wind warning – meaning there was a potential risk to life and property – in place across Scotland's western Isles and northern Shetland Islands.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

No newly published warnings for this region at publication time.
To see all current travel warnings, visit here.

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North America

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Canada) New travel visas will not be issued to residents or citizens of countries with widespread and persistent Ebola transmission. The government has also stopped the processing of permanent residency visas for people from the affected countries.
  • (ALL - United States) All travelers from countries affected by the Ebola outbreak (Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Mali) will now travel through one of five major U.S. airports: Washington, D.C.-Dulles (KIAD); Chicago-O'Hare (KORD); New York-JFK (KJFK); Newark-Liberty (KEWR); and Atlanta-Hartsfield-Jackson (KATL) to undergo an interview, temperature check, and additional protocols. All travelers returning from the affected countries will be monitored for 21 days.
  • (KHDI) Cleveland, TN - Hardwick Field has closed permanently.
  • (MMPR) Puerto Vallarta will be closed daily between 0700-1200 through 13 December.
Low/no fuel announcements

None for this region at publication time.

FAM global monitor security briefings

  United States
While a storm hit the New York-New Jersey area Tuesday, another was headed for California with forecasters saying it could bring record-breaking rain. The mid-Atlantic region was hit by rain and high winds Tuesday morning. At Newark Liberty International Airport, at least 100 flights had been reported canceled or delayed by 7 a.m. Freezing rain that began about 3 a.m. turned Route 17 in New York State slick. Two tractor-trailers jackknifed at about 3:30 a.m. in Rock Hill, setting off a chain-reaction crash that involved five trucks and two cars.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

No newly published warnings for this region at publication time.
To see all current travel warnings, visit here.

New UVair locations

Visit any of our UVair fuel-member locations to receive negotiated savings and streamlined custom billing. Call +1 (713) 378-2727 or N. America +1 (866) 882-4737, or visit uvair.com, to learn more about the UVair Fuel Program.

  • Gill Aviation (KDWH) - Houston, TX
  • Marana Aerospace Solutions (KMZJ) - Marana, AZ

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South and Central America/Caribbean

Airport information and scheduled closings
  • (ALL - Antigua and Barbuda) All visitors from Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia are prohibited entry. Visas for travelers from these countries have been suspended. All passports are being reviewed to determine passenger travel history within six weeks prior to arrival. Precautions will be taken for anyone arriving from a country where the disease is endemic; anyone with symptoms will be placed in the quarantine facility for assessment. Anyone having contact with an Ebola patient or who has eaten bush meat will be placed under active surveillance for 21 days. If they have not been in contact with anyone with Ebola, they will be placed under passive surveillance. Authorities reserve the right to quarantine any returning resident or citizen.
  • (ALL - Colombia) Any traveler who has visited Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea, or Nigeria since 15 September will be denied entry due to the Ebola outbreak. This restriction applies to both Colombian nationals and foreigners. Visa applications will be denied under these restrictions as a preventative measure. Ebola virus disease (EVD) screenings will be conducted as needed and may cause travel delays.
  • (ALL - Haiti) Travelers who have been to Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone in the past 28 days will be denied entry into Haiti. Travelers who have been to these countries more than 28 days before travel to Haiti must present a government-certified health certificate and the results of a blood test for the Ebola virus upon arrival.
  • (ALL - Dominican Republic) The government has banned entry to travelers who have been in the following countries in the past 30 days: Sierra Leone, Senegal, Liberia, Guinea, and Nigeria, as well as any countries that the World Health Organization has deemed to be affected by the Ebola virus.
  • (ALL - Jamaica) The government has imposed an entry ban for travelers arriving from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, as well as those who have visited these countries within the four weeks prior to their arrival. In addition, any Jamaican national who travels to the aforementioned countries will be quarantined for 28 days upon return to Jamaica.
  • (ALL - Saint Lucia) All visitors from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone will be denied entry to Saint Lucia until further notice. Visitors from Nigeria will be required to present a recent medical certificate, clearing them of the Ebola virus, in addition to a valid visa.
  • (ALL - St. Vincent and the Grenadines) A travel ban is in effect for nationals from Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Guinea due to the Ebola virus and lack of medical resources to deal with a potential outbreak.
  • (ALL - Trinidad and Tobago) All visitors from Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of Congo will be prohibited entry along with any persons who visited the affected countries in the last six weeks. Trinidad and Tobago residents who visited the affected countries in the past six weeks will be quarantined for a minimum period of 21 days.
  • (MGGT) Guatemala City will be closed between 0600-0900 through 15 December.
  • (MRLB) Liberia will be closed between 0300-0559 through 15 December.
Low/no fuel announcements
  • (VARIOUS - Peru) Only domestic refueling is available through UVair supplier Petroperu (when next destination is within Peru). This includes (SPQT) Iquitos, (SPQU) Arequipa, (SPRU) Trujillo, (SPSO) Pisco, (SPST) Tarapoto, (SPTN) Tacna, (SPYL) Talara, and (SPZO) Cusco. UVair supplier Repsol Peru is fueling normally at (SPIM) Lima.
  • (MGGT) Guatemala City - UVair supplier ChevronTexaco, fueling on the east and military ramps from 0900-1600 LT, requires a minimum of 24 hours' notice. Outside these hours, or with less than 24 hours' notice, fueling will be on the south international ramp.
  • (MRLM) Puerto Limon City - UVair supplier Recope has no fuel available.
FAM global monitor security briefings

  Argentina
Argentine police broke up an international drug trafficking organization, seized 235 kilos of cocaine and arrested 27 people, including the Bolivian woman suspected of being the gang's leader, officials said Tuesday. Peruvian, Colombian, and Dominican citizens were also arrested in the operation.

U.S. Department of State travel warnings

Haiti - 4 December
U.S. citizens traveling to or living in Haiti are warned about the lack of adequate emergency medical facilities and the security environment there.
http://travel.state.gov/content/passports/english/alertswarnings/haiti-travel-warning.html

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NBAA update briefs

Visit http://www.nbaa.org/news/update/ for full versions of these briefs, plus much more of the week's business-aviation news.

NBAA Applauds House Vote to Renew Accelerated Depreciation on Business Assets
NBAA last week welcomed a vote by the House of Representatives to renew several expiring tax provisions – including accelerated depreciation – for one year.
http://www.nbaa.org/news/pr/2014/20141204-089.php

FAA Discusses Pros, Cons of Airport LED Lighting With NBAA, Other Groups
The FAA recently held a symposium regarding LED lamps and their application on airports, during which the agency and industry stakeholders, including NBAA, discussed the pros and cons of LEDs, and began the development of a path forward to benefit all users.
http://www.nbaa.org/ops/airports/20141203-federal-aviation-administration-discusses-pros-and-cons-of-airport-led-lighting-with-industry-stakeholders.php

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Worldwide weather report

Through Universal Trip Support Services, you get access to extensive aviation weather services and online global weather. Click here for details.

TROPICAL
Tropical Storm Hagupit was centered about 500 miles off the coast of Vietnam and moving toward the west-southwest at 13 knots. Maximum sustained winds were 30 knots. Steady weakening is forecast and Hagupit is forecast to completely dissipate in a couple of days.

VOLCANOES
Sinabung, located in Indonesia, is producing an ash cloud up to 16,000 feet moving toward the south at 5 knots. In Japan, Mt Sakurajima was producing ash up to 6,000 feet. The ash was moving toward the southeast.

AFRICA
Sinabung, located in Indonesia, is producing an ash cloud up to 16,000 feet moving toward the south at 5 knots. In Japan, Mt Sakurajima was producing ash up to 6,000 feet. The ash was moving toward the southeast.

ASIA
Deep low pressure off the east coast of Russia will produce strong winds along with rain and snow showers that will extend southward into Japan. Occasional moderate low-level turbulence is also likely across the region. High pressure will dominate most of China, resulting in areas of late night and early morning fog. A 170-knot jet core at 33,000 feet extends from eastern China eastward across Japan and into the western North Pacific. Moderate to occasional severe turbulence will accompany the jet core.

SOUTHEAST ASIA/NORTH PACIFIC
Isolated thunderstorms with max tops up to 48,000 feet can be expected over most of Indonesia and the Philippines. A greater concentration of thunderstorms with max tops to 50,000 feet will continue several hundred miles east of the Philippines. A cold front over the western Pacific will produce occasional rain showers along with moderate low-level turbulence. Another storm system situated over the central Pacific will produce rain along with occasional moderate turbulence. Isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 42,000 feet can be expected along the associated cold front. A 150-knot jet core at 35,000 feet extends from the central Pacific eastward to several hundred miles off the west coast of the U.S. Moderate to occasional severe turbulence can be expected along the jet core.

AUSTRALIA/SOUTH PACIFIC
A series of weak surface lows will extend from west to east across the northern portion of Australia and will result in isolated to few thunderstorms with max tops to 48,000 feet. The most concentrated area will likely be over the northeastern portion. Low pressure just north of New Zealand will produce a few showers. A 100-knot jet core extends from west to east across New Zealand at 35,000 feet and will produce occasional moderate turbulence.

ATLANTIC/EUROPE
The frontal boundary associated with the low pressure over New England will produce a small area of isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 37,000 feet over the western North Atlantic. Low pressure over western Greenland and its associated cold front will produce snow along with strong surface winds across the area. A frontal boundary will stretch from Western Europe eastward to near the Russian border and will produce mostly rain changing to snow near the Russian border. Low pressure over the eastern Mediterranean Sea will produce occasional rain showers with isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 30,000 feet. High pressure will result in dense fog from the Baltic region eastward into southern and central Russia. A frontal system stretched from west to east across northern Russia will produce areas of snow and fog. High pressure will dominate most of east-central Russia resulting in additional areas of fog. A deep surface low centered off the northeast coast of Russia will produce strong winds and snow westward into the coastal areas. A 110-knot jet core at 35,000 feet extends from the Canadian Maritimes northeastward into southern Greenland before turning southeastward. Occasional moderate turbulence will accompany the jet core. A 120-knot jet core extends from southwest to northeast across western and central Europe at 35,000 feet. Occasional moderate turbulence will also accompany this feature.

NORTH AMERICA
Weakening low pressure over northern New England will produce occasional rain and snow showers over the region. Occasional moderate turbulence below 10,000 feet can also be expected. A cold front associated with low pressure over southern Canada will extend southwestward to a secondary low over the southwestern U.S. This system will produce areas of rain along the coastal areas and snow inland over the higher elevations. Occasional moderate low-level turbulence will accompany this feature. A 100-knot jet core at 35,000 feet extends from southern California northeastward into central Canada and will produce occasional moderate turbulence. Another jet core at 42,000 feet extends from the northern Gulf of Mexico eastward across central Florida at 120 knots. Occasional moderate turbulence will also be likely with this feature. Patchy dense early morning fog is possible from the Great Lakes region southward into Indiana and Illinois.

SOUTH AMERICA
A few isolated thunderstorms with max tops to 48,000 feet can be expected as far north as southern Venezuela and southward all the way to northern Argentina. Strong surface winds will result in occasional moderate low-level turbulence over extreme southern Chile and Argentina. A 120-knot jet core at 35,000 feet extends from southwest to northeast across the extreme southern portion of the continent and will produce occasional moderate turbulence. Patchy morning fog is possible across southern Brazil and northern Argentina.

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About Operational Insight Weekly

Operational Insight Weekly is a business-aviation news and operational bulletin distributed each Thursday by Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc. The day of release may fluctuate due to late-breaking information. Please forward all questions and comments concerning Operational Insight Weekly to operationalinsight@univ-wea.com.

Universal staff have compiled the content of this publication from various sources, and believes it to be accurate at the time of distribution. Universal shall not, however, be liable for factual or editorial errors contained herein. Readers should NOT act or rely on the information until they have confirmed its continuing accuracy.

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