Additional EU-ETS Aviation Resources
Frequently Asked Questions
The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme, or EU-ETS, is a mandatory regulation requiring all non-commercial operators who travel into, out of, and between EU member states to monitor their CO2 emissions starting 1 January 2010.
Each Operator is assigned to a specific EU Country (Member State), which acts as their authority within EU-ETS. All Monitoring Plans and Reports will be submitted directly to the Environmental Agency of the Member State to which you are assigned.
A Member State of the European Union is any one of the sovereign states that have acceded to the European Union (EU). All operators are assigned a specific EU Member State as their regulatory authority within EU-ETS.
EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
EFTA (European Free Trade Agreement) Countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway
EU Outlying Territories: Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Reunion, The Azores, Madeira, The Canary Islands, Aland Islands, Saint Martin (French), Akrotiri and Dhekelia
A carbon credit is a traded commodity purchased by an operator from their administering Member State's environmental agency to offset their CO2 emissions, or carbon footprint, based on their operation's fuel consumption.
Free allowances are free carbon credits that will be allocated in 2012 to operators who take part in the benchmarking scheme during 2010. These free credits will allow operators to save a percentage of the cost for their CO2 emissions from 2012-2020.
If your flight department has not yet done anything in regard to EU-ETS, your first step is to identify your designated EU Member State. The regulatory agency of your assigned Member State is where you will report emissions on a recurring basis. To identify your Member State, visit http://d.universalweather.com/pdf/eu-ets/European-Commission-releases-latest-operator-list-20120214.pdf.
If you've already identified your Member State, make contact with its regulatory agency and work with them to find out details about their specific monitoring-plans-submission process. http://d.universalweather.com/pdf/eu-ets/Contact-info-for-EU-ETS-Member-States_en.pdf
If you cannot identify your aircraft on any Member State list, you must submit a Fleet List Form to the European Commission to be assigned one. You can do this by visiting http://ec.europa.eu/clima/documentation/transport/aviation/docs/fleet_list_form_en.doc. Then submit the form to ENV-EU-ETS-AIRCRAFT-OPERATOR-LIST@ec.europa.eu.
You will receive an acknowledgement email within a few days that your form has been received. This may be the last contact you receive from an EU authority until the publishing of the next Operator List in February 2010.
Although most plan submission due dates have passed for Member States, because many operators were incorrectly listed under the name of their service provider, it is possible to still submit a plan. Once your company name is identified on the Operator List, you have eight (8) weeks to comply with regulation and submit a plan.
Yes! Even if you have not yet identified your assigned Member State, you must begin monitoring your Tonne-Kilometre data and CO2 emissions starting 1 January 2010. This will allow you to have the data available when you do submit your report to your assigned Member State.
While there are third-party companies in the marketplace offering complete solutions to EU-ETS, the cost of these services can be extraordinary. The ETS program is expensive enough due to administrative costs associated with the submission of plans.
Consult directly with your service provider and with the regulatory agency of your Member State. There is ample FREE information, as well as tracking tools, available for operators to help them navigate through this process.
Is the Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc. Flight Planning department compliant with EU-ETS requirements?
The Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc. IT system provides data that complies with the WGS-84 ellipsoid. The 95KM are added at a later stage, after GCDs have been extracted from the IT system. For Aerodrome coordinates, we use published data that complies with annex 15 of the Chicago convention. Universal's AIP Data (Aerodrome, ICAO) is automatically updated every 28 days to ensure accuracy. Universal tests for AIP accuracy in conjunction with NAVTECH on a regular basis.
Can an operator alternate between accepted payload calculations, default 100kg or actual mass & balance, for operations throughout the monitoring year?
No, the operator must designate which calculation they intend on using when submitting their Monitoring Plans. They must consistently use whichever calculation they choose for all applicable flights reported during the monitoring year.
- Flights performed by a commercial (AOC holder) air transport operator who falls below the de minimis rule (less than 243 EU legs for three consecutive 4 month periods or 25,000+ tonnes/Co2 annually)
- Flights between aerodromes that are not situated in an EU Member State are not included in the EU-ETS scheme and do not have to be monitored or reported
- Flights of a reigning monarch, heads of state, heads of government and government ministers, of a country other than a Member State
- Military flights performed by military aircraft
- Flights related to search and rescue, firefighting flights, humanitarian flights and medical service flights
- Flights performed exclusively under visual flight rules
- Circular flights (departing and arriving at the same airport without an intermediate stop)
- Training flights
- Flights performed exclusively for the purpose of scientific research
- Flights performed by aircraft with a certified maximum take-off mass of less than 5700 kg
- Flights performed in the framework of public service obligations
No. Operators are not required to comply with EU-ETS until they have operated an applicable flight to or from
an EU Aerodrome.
I'm a commercial operator (AOC holder), but my operator name still appears on the list. What should I do?
Send a e-mail communication to your assigned Member State with a copy of your valid Air Operator Certificate (AOC). In this letter, state the number of operations to, from, or within EU Aerodromes in the previous year to
qualify under the de minimis rule (less than 243 EU legs for 3 consecutive 4 month periods or
10000+ tonnes/CO2 annually).
Articles and Other News
- NBAA Website Podcast, October 29, 2012: EU-ETS: Compliance in 2013 and Beyond.
- AIN Online, October 20, 2010: ETS reporting process remains a headache.
- AIN Online, October 1, 2010: Confusion reigns over ETS implementation in Europe.
- AIN Online, June 1, 2010: Europe likely to approve ETS Support Facility
- EBAA New Brief, 23 February 2010: "European Commission ETS Operator List Full of Inaccuracies… Again"
- Altitudes, February 2010: "Clearing the Smog Around EU-ETS"
- FlyCorporate Magazine, February 2010: "ETS Home Base"
- Aviation International News, January 2010: "EU extends deadline for ETS compliance plans"
- BART International Magazine, December 2009: "Everything You Always Wanted to Know About EU-ETS (But Didn't Know Who to Ask)"
- Professional Pilot Magazine, December 2009: "New year, new regulation—what pilots need to know about the European Union ETS"
- AIN Alerts, December 2009: "New EU Aviation Emissions Trading Scheme List Released"
- Business and Commercial Aviation Online Blog, December 2009: "EU-ETS List Release Spurs Universal Weather and Aviation"
- Business and Commercial Aviation, June 23, 2009: "European Emissions Trading Deadlines Loom"
- Further guidance regarding UK's Subsistence Fees (March 11, 2013) | PDF
- UK explains annual administrative fees (March 4, 2013) | PDF
- New EC Operators list released (January 29, 2013) | PDF
- Italy releases updated guidance for AOHA/Registry Account Application (February 2013) | PDF
- UK publishes simple "Stop the Clock" criteria for applicable flights (February 2013) | PDF
- Italy releases updated requirements for Registry Account application (January 2013) | PDF
- UK Releases Updated Guidance for Registry Account Application (January 2013) | PDF
- EBAA publishes FAQ on 'stop the clock' proposal (November 27, 2012) | PDF
- NBAA Welcomes Final Passage of EU-ETS Prohibition Act (November 27, 2012) | NBAA's Web site
- EC and EuroControl release new Small Emitters Tool for 2012 flights | XLS
- FAQ: EC Formally Proposes Removing International Legs from 2012 Reporting (November 20, 2012) | PDF
- Universal clarifies EC "Stopping the clock" memo for Operators (November 12, 2012) | PDF
- Stopping the clock of ETS and aviation emissions following last week's International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Council (November 12, 2012) | PDF
- Iceland releases PHASE III AEM Plan Template and Guidance (September, 2012) | PDF
- France issues second notice to assigned operators who failed to submit 2011 Emissions Report (August, 2012) | PDF
- France releases requirements and guidance for new Phase III AE Monitoring Plans (August, 2012) | PDF
- UK Helpdesk provides guide to Phase III AEM plan update (August, 2012) | PDF
- European Commission provides guidance document for updated EU-ETS Directive 2003/87/EC
(August, 2012) | PDF
- European Commission releases Update to EU-ETS Directive 2003/87/EC (July, 2012) | PDF
- EBAA: Eurocontrol makes new request for fuel burn data (July, 2012) | PDF
- New Monitoring Plans required for All Operators entering Phase 3 (2013-2020) – (UK Guidance attached)
(June, 2012) | PDF
- France allowing late 2011 AE Report submission. Deadline June 15, 2012. (May 14, 2012) | PDF
- UK Help Desk confirms Small Emitter Opt-Out Scheme does not apply to aviation (May 11, 2012) | PDF
- EUROCONTROL releases updated Small Emitters Tool for 2011 operations
(March 6, 2012) | EUROCONTROL's Web site
- European Commission releases latest operator list (February 14, 2012) | PDF
- EBAA Stresses that Anti-Competitive Aspects of EU-ETS for European Aircraft Operators Still Need to Be Addressed (January 9, 2012) | PDF
- European Court of Justice (ECJ) rules that the directive including aviation activities in the EU's emissions trading scheme is valid (December 21, 2011) | PDF
- EUROCONTROL Releases Updated Small Emitters Tool (November 1, 2011) | EUROCONTROL's Web site
- European Commission releases updated Prior Compliance List
(October 31, 2011) | European Commission's Web site
- U.S. House Soundly Rejects European Emissions-Trading Scheme (October 25, 2011) | NBAA's Web site
- Spain releases its allocation of free allowances for TKM benchmark participants (October 21, 2011) | PDF
- Advocate General's Opinion on the EU-ETS' Legality (October 6, 2011) | PDF
- European Commission announces benchmark values for 2010 TKM participants
(September 26, 2011) | European Commission's Web site
- U.K. publishes levels of free allowance allocations for EU-ETS aviation operators
(September 26, 2011) | U.K. DECC's Web site
- Helpful hints for operators assigned to Germany for EU-ETS emissions reporting (September 8, 2011) | PDF
- Q&A with the Croatian Competent Authority regarding EU-ETS (September 8, 2011) | PDF
- Helpful hints for contacting the Greek authorities regarding aviation EU-ETS (August 24, 2011) | PDF
- Croatia to be included in the scope of aviation EU-ETS starting in 2012
(August 5, 2011) | European Commission's Web site
- U.S. Congressman Mica proposes bill in the House of Representatives to prohibit U.S. operators from participating in EU-ETS (July 20, 2011) | govtrack.us
- UK releases decision on questions posed in latest ETS Consultation (July 18, 2011) | PDF
- The European Commission and Eurocontrol release a new EU-ETS Fleet List Form
(July 15, 2011) | European Commission's Web site
- Eurocontrol requests actual jet-fuel data to improve its Small Emitters tool (June 17, 2011) | PDF
- New operator list includes assignment to EEA/EFTA countries: Iceland, Norway
(June 10, 2011) | PDF | European Commission's Web site
- European Commission provides FAQs on the Auctioning Regulation for EU aviation allowances
(May 13, 2011) | European Commission's Web site
- Dutch Emissions Authority (NEA) extends 2011 aviation EU-ETS reporting deadline (March 31, 2011) | PDF
- Italy extends 2011 aviation EU-ETS reporting deadline (March 28, 2011) | PDF
- Updated Prior Compliance List released (March 22, 2011) | PDF
- The European Commission publishes updated AEM reporting templates [XLS] and
TKM reporting templates [XLS] to include EFTA (Norway, Liechtenstein, Iceland) countries (March 1, 2011)
- Eurocontrol Launches EU-ETS Support Facility (February 14, 2011)
- New EU-ETS Aircraft Operator List released (February 2, 2011) | PDF
- Request for consultation: How to address inconsistencies between monitoring plan and annual report for UK operators (December 2010) | PDF
- Next Prior-Compliance List Anticipated to be Released in November (October 28, 2010) | PDF
- European Commission Approves Auctioning Regulation, Releases FAQ Sheet (July 14, 2010) | PDF
- Announcement: EU-ETS Small Emitter Tool for Simplified Calculation Approved (July 9, 2010)
- EUROCONTROL's Small Emitter Tool for Simplified Calculation (July 9, 2010)
- Steps to be followed by aviation management companies and service providers | PDF
- Carbon-Credit Auction Proposal from the European Commission
- Information on Accreditation of ETS Third-Party Verifiers from the UK Accreditation Service (UKAS) | PDF
- New Prior Compliance List released | PDF
- Consultation on second stage transposition of EU Directive 2008/101/EC to include Aviation in the EU Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS), dated 11 December 2009 | PDF
- Deadline Approaching: Request for consultation from the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change
Due 5 March | PDF
- EU-ETS update from BBGA (February 19, 2010) | PDF
- Notice on EU-ETS expansion to include Norway, Iceland, and Liechtenstein. | PDF
Approved EU-ETS third-party emissions data verifiers
- France-accredited verifiers (updated October 4, 2011) | PDF
- Austria will recognize UK-approved 3rd-party verifiers (updated February 2, 2011) | PDF
- Cyprus will recognize UK-approved 3rd-party verifiers (updated February 2, 2011) | PDF
- Malta will recognize UK-approved 3rd-party verifiers (updated January 19, 2011) | PDF
- The Czech Republic will recognize UK-approved 3rd-party verifiers; Reporting deadline moved to March 15
(updated January 19, 2011) | PDF
- Spain will recognize UK-approved 3rd-party verifiers; Reporting deadline moved to February 28
(updated January 19, 2011) | PDF
- Ireland-accredited verifiers (updated January 11, 2011) | PDF
- Portugal-accredited verifiers (updated January 5, 2011) | PDF
- Belgium will not use third-party verifiers through 2012 (updated November 23, 2010) | PDF
- UK-accredited verifiers (updated October 5, 2010) | PDF
This list is not complete, but will be updated regularly as new information becomes available.
- Implementing Aviation EU-ETS in the UK: A Government Consultation
- Understanding EU-ETS for Business Aviation: How will aviation EU-ETS impact your flight department?
- How to Complete the Tonne-Kilometre Report for EU-ETS CO2 Flight Emissions Benchmarking
- How to Complete Your Annual Aircraft EU-ETS CO2 Flight Emissions Report
- How to Calculate Aircraft Fuel Consumption Using Method A and Method B for your EU-ETS Reporting